fever, however, was increasing. No point of Paris or of France
was exempt from it. The artery pulsated everywhere. Like those
membranes wihch are born of certain inflammations and formed
in the human body, the network of the secret societies began
to spread over the country. From the Association of the Friends
of the People, public and secret at the same time, sprang the
Society of the Rights of Man . . .. The Society of the Rights
of Man produced the Society of Action. "
These secret societies allowed the workers
to plan their own political action, and their own terms. Later
in 1848, the secret societies would be semi-revived in the Club Movement.
"In the backs of the
salons, and during the secret society meetings "the simple
existence of the government was brought in question. The men
there publicly discussed whether it were the thing to fight
or to remain quiet. There were back shops where all oath
was administeed to working-men, that they would be in the streets
at the first cry of alarm, and 'that they would fight without
counting the number of the enemy.' . . . Sometimes they went
upstairs into a closed room, and there scenes occurrred whichwre
In the lower rooms they
read subversive pamphlets. They pelted the government,
says a secret report of the times . . . They never stayed more
than ten minutes. Significant words were exchanged in a low voice:
"The plot is ripe, the thing is complete."
"All this fermentation
was public, we might almost say tranquil. The imminent insurrection
gathered its storm calmly in the face of the government. No singularity
was wanting in this crisis, still subterranean, but already perceptible.
Bourgeois talked quietly with working-men about the preparations.
They would say: "How is the emeute coming on?" in the
same tone in which they would have said: "How is your wife?."
Hugo portrays the preparations for the
1832 insurrection as calm, though it is hard to believe, the
revolts and rebellions occurred frequently in Paris during the
interim of 1830-32. After 1832, Paris would not see another revolution