The Working Classes in Revolutionary France

The Revolutionary Working Class


  • Men
  • Life

  • Social Life

  • Occasions

  • Industrialization
  • Representations



    Works Cited

  • "Thanks to the Revolution, social conditions are changed . . . The Revolutionary sense is a moral sense. The sentiment of rights, developed, develops the sentiment of duty. The law of all is liberty, which ends where the liberty of others begins, according to Robespierre's admirable definition. Since '89, the entire people has been expanding in the sublimated individual; there is no poor man, who, having his rights, has not his ray; the starving man feels within himself the honour of France; the dignity of the citizen is an interior armour; he who is free is scrupulous; he who votes reigns. "

    --Les Miserables, Saint Denis, Book V

     Liberty leading the People by Eguene Delacroix was painted on 28 July 1830, to commemorate the July Revolution that had just brought Louis-Philippe to the French throne.
    In Victor Hugo's novel, Les Miserables, he places his story of love, honor, and struggle among the French revolutions of 1830, 1832, and 1848. In doing so , Hugo brings to life the revolutionary working class.
    The working class, as Hugo makes clear in his novel, played large roles in the revolutions of:
    1830 and 1832