The Dangerous Classes

Works Consulted

 

Victor Hugo with his son, Francois-Victor by Auguste de Chatillon, 1835

 

Works Cited

Balzac, Honoré de. Code des gens hônnetes, Levallois Perret, Paris, 1823.

Balzac, Honoré de. Comédie humaine, edited by George Saintsbury, J.M. Dent, London, 1898.

Clayson, Hollis. Painted Love. Yale University Press. New Haven& London,1991.

Chevalier, Louis. Laboring Classes and Dangerous Classes, translated from French by Frank Jellinek, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1973.

Grand Dictionnaire Universel, 1860.

Harsin, Jill. Policing Prostitution in 19th Century Paris. Princeton University Press. New Jersey, 1985.

Hugo, Victor. Les Misérables, translated by Charles E. Wilbour, The Modern Library, New York, 1862.

Merriman, John. "Urban Space and the Power of Language: The Stigmitization of the faubourg in Nineteenth-Century France", Séminaire International "Les Mots de la Ville, Paris, 1997.

Morain, Alfred. The Underworld of Paris: Secrets of the Sûreté, E.P. Dutton and Co., Inc., New York, 1931.

Harsin, Jill. Policing Prostitution in 19th Century Paris. Princeton University Press. New Jersey, 1985.

Perrot, Michelle. "Delinquency and the Penitentiary System in Nineteenth Century France", Deviants and the Abandonned in French Society, selections from the Annales Economies, Sociétés, Civilisations, Vol. 4, edited by Robert Forster and Orest Ranum, translated by Elborg Forster and Patricia Ranum, 1978.

Petrovitch, Porphyre. "Recherches sur las criminalité à Paris dans la seconde moité du XVIIIe siècle", Crimes et criminalité en France sous l'Ancien Régime. Librairie Armand Colin, Paris, 1971.

Roche, Daniel Le Peuple de Paris. Editions Aubier Montaigne, Paris, 1981.

Sue, Eugene. The Mysteries of Paris, National Library Edition. Bigelow, Brown & Co., Inc. New York, 1848.

Wright, Gordon. Insiders and Outliers: The Individual in History, W.H. Freeman and Co., San Francisco, 1980.

Wright, Gordon. Between the Guillotine and Liberty: Two Centuries of the Crime Problem in France, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983.

Wright, Gordon. Notable or Notorious?: A Gallery of Parisians, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1989.

Manet, The Absinthe Drinker, 1853.

Images Cited

Image of Honoré de Balzac, http://members.aol.com/balssa/balzac/balzac.html

The Golden Mean Between the Guillotine and Liberty, A forgotten nineteenth century artist's stylized conception of prison life as the time (Roger-Viollet)

Image from Les Enfants du Paradis, directed by Marcel Carné, 1945.

Frontispiece from Mémoires de Vidocq, Paris: Librairie Charlieu Frères et Huillery, 1828.

Vidocq, poacher turned gamekeeper, making an arrest, Préfecture de Police, Paris.

Frontispiece from Mémoires de Lacenaire, Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.

Lacenaire and his victim, Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.

Image of Victor Hugo, http://www.geocities.com/Paris/LeftBank/9640/pics.html

Map of Paris, Wright, Gordon. Notable or Notorious?: A Gallery of Parisians, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1989.

Background image of Paris Sewers. Nadar, Felix. Le Paris Souterrain,1861. Caisse Nationale des Monuments Historiques et des sites. Paris 1982.