The ranges used to determine final grades are as follows:

A=96-100%, A- =91-95%, B+ = 86-90%, B=81-85%, B- = 76-80%, C+=71-75%, C = 66-70%, C- =61-65%, D+=56-60%, D =51-55%, D- = 45-50% and below 45% = F.

The average grade for the top ten quiz scores is used in determining the
grade assigned to quizzes. Because
only the top ten quizzes are graded (and you will have an opportunity to
take more than ten quizzes), if you miss any quiz, *for any
reason*, you will not have the option to "make up" that
quiz. Students who earn perfect scores on three consecutive quizzes
(where double counted quizzes count as one in this succession) receive a
bonus to be applied to future quiz scores. In the event
of a double-counted quiz, students with
accumulated bonus points can apply these points to *only* one of
the double quiz scores. The
final exam will
be graded on the same scale as the quizzes (see above).