In Reply to: Are Communist Parties Anti-communist? posted by Satya Gabriel on October 5, 1998 at 08:02:03:
: When we examine the histories of communist parties that have actually come to power
: we do not see much attempt to actually transfer control over the enterprise surpluses
: to the workers who produce that surplus (or, alternatively, perform the surplus labor).
: If communist parties do not foster communism, then why are they called communist parties?
Communism sees competition as the root of all evils.
In the communist society, the economic rule would be "from
each according to his ability, and to each according to his
need." (R. M. Cain) I guess Communists believe that a
competitive environment would cause people and succeeding
generations of these people to grow up greedy and aggressive
so that competition would be the result of a vicious circle.
To break the vicious circle, the communists feel that the small,
intelligent minority who understand this truth should take
power as leaders in an "educational dictatorship," and
ruthlessly suppress competition and direct the allocation of
resources. Thus, over a few generations, a new circle might
be set in motion, in which sharing and action on behalf of the
whole population would replace greed and aggression as the
basis of society and human character. Communists would
therefore want to eliminate competition. But competition
arises only when there is scarcity. So communists would, in
order to eliminate competition, have to eliminate scarcity.
Increasing productivity is one way of eliminating scarcity.
Therefore, communist parties may have this intention of
increasing productivity to eliminate scarcity as the underlying
aim of their leadership, through a classless society.
But, as Marx and Engels propose, a classless society would just
be the first stage in a social evolution that would lead to
communism at a later and higher stage, without an educational
dictatorship. Therefore, according to this reasoning,
perhaps communist parties can just be thought of as being
"socialists" at this first stage in eliminating scarcity;
so they would not be the representation of the concept of
communism itself, but just a step towards getting there.
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