In Reply to: Are Communist Parties Anti-communist? posted by Satya Gabriel on October 5, 1998 at 08:02:03:
: When we examine the histories of communist parties that have actually come to power
: we do not see much attempt to actually transfer control over the enterprise surpluses
: to the workers who produce that surplus (or, alternatively, perform the surplus labor).
: If communist parties do not foster communism, then why are they called communist parties?
I agree with Jaya. A communist party does not expect to
institute communism right away, but rather attempts to foster
socialism- the intermediate state between capitalism and
and communism. The "bourgeois" state and pro-capitalists are
overthrown, and the pre-conditions for communism are put into
place. However, there are no strict conditions describing how
this new socialist state is to operate. As a result, the measures
adopted by a communist regime to create socialism may seem anti-communist
(they may not transfer control over the enterprise surpluses to the workers
who produce that surplus.) It is true that many policies adopted in
Russia and China compromised the liberties of farmers and peasants and
forced them into collectivization. At the same time, other policies did
concentrate on increasing output to eliminate scarcity, and allowing greater
access to education, healthcare, etc. as Jaya and Bindi have
noted. There has yet to be a true communist state in any country.
Therefore it is important to examine the progress of those countries who
are or were under communist party rule in order to evaluate the steps they
have taken to achieve their goal, or how they lose sight of it.
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