|Fair Trade Organizations|
FLO- The Fairtrade Labeling Organization
International Fairtrade Product Certification Mark
This is the global umbrella organization for 19 national Fair Trade
certification organizations. It sets worldwide Fair Trade standards
and currently allows over 1 million producers in 50 countries to participate
in Fair Trade.
TransFair Fair Trade mark (USA).
TransFair USA, a nonprofit organization and member of the Fair Trade Labeling Organizations International (FLO), is the only third-party Fair Trade certification organization in the US today. They audit transactions between US companies offering Fair Trade Certified™ products and the international producers from which they buy. Yearly inspections conducted by FLO members ensure that strict socioeconomic development criteria are being at all steps of the production chain, using increase Fair Trade revenues.
Paul Rice, the CEO and founding president of TransFair wrote “Since
launching the Fair Trade Certified label six years ago, TransFair has
established Fair Trade as the fastest growing segment of the $19 billion
coffee industry. To date, TransFair has developed business partnerships
with over 400 US coffee companies (including such leading brands as
Starbucks, P&G, Green Mountain and Dunkin' Donuts), launched Fair
Trade coffee into 30,000 retail outlets nationwide, certified over
75 million pounds of Fair Trade coffee, and generated over $60 million
in additional income for small coffee farmers around the world. TransFair
is rapidly expanding Fair Trade certification into tea, chocolate,
rice, sugar, bananas and other fresh fruits. Fair Trade certification
has helped open the US market to over 1.2 million small family farmers
around the world who are now getting a fair price for their harvests
and making dramatic gains in their living standards.”
The Fair Trade federation
IFAT- The International Fair Trade Association
This is a global association for both FLO-members and the producers and traders of non-certified goods. Membership is based upon satisfaction of the basic Fair Trade criteria and a membership fee exists. The application process starts with self-assessment that must include existing IFAT members as referees.After being accepted into the IFAT network, members are liable to be externally audited on an ad hoc basis. When a member has met all of its monitoring obligations it becomes registered and entitled to use the FTO Mark (displayed above). This mark does not aim to compete with the FLO certification because it is specifically not a product mark. It was first launched in January 2004.
IFAT has three objectives:
The structure of the democratic
EFTA is foremost an advocacy and research body that was established
in 1990 and is a network of eleven Fair Trade organizations in nine
European Countries: Austria, Belgium (Advocacy Office), France, Germany,
Italy, the Netherlands (Head Office), Spain, Switzerland and the UK.
Furthermore, members include Oxfam, Traidcraft,
The FINE definition of Fair Trade, 2001:
"Fair Trade is a trading partnership, based on dialogue, transparency
and respect, that seeks greater equity in international trade. It contributes
to sustainable development by offering better trading conditions to,
and securing the rights of, marginalised producers and workers - especially
in the South. Fair Trade organisations (backed by consumers) are engaged
actively in supporting producers, awareness raising and in campaigning
for changes in the rules and practice of conventional international
This organization promotes Fair Trade by stimulating,
supporting, and linking world shops in Europe, provided they retail
Fair Trade products.
Currently it functions as umbrella network of 15 national Worldshop
associations in 13 different countries all over Europe, representing
about 2,500 World Shops and 100,000 volunteers in total. NEWS undertakes
campaigns and encourages activism to raise consumer awareness and to
translate this awareness into action. It publishes a biannual ‘NEWS!letter',
organizes a European Conference in the same time frame, and arranges
annual European World Shops’ Day.
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