Philosophy 202
Great Traditions of Western Thought
The Modern Period


 Discussion Questions for the Critique of Pure Reason, #3
The Refutation of Idealism; the Antinomies once again


The Refutation of Idealism is Kant's deepest rejection of the Cartesian assumption that the `inner' is prior to the `outer'.

1. How is this Cartesian assumption shared by the various philosophers we have read this semester? Do any of them reject it?

2. Kant's argument against `idealism' is that the determination of our inner state in time requires the existence of things outside us. How does he justify this claim? What role do the Analogies play in it?


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