Traditions of Western Thought
The Modern Period
Discussion Questions for
the Critique of Pure Reason, #3
The Refutation of Idealism; the Antinomies once again
The Refutation of Idealism is Kant's deepest
rejection of the Cartesian assumption that the `inner' is prior
to the `outer'.
1. How is this Cartesian assumption shared by the various philosophers
we have read this semester? Do any of them reject it?
2. Kant's argument against `idealism' is that the determination
of our inner state in time requires the existence of things outside
us. How does he justify this claim? What role do the Analogies
play in it?