Not all Germans supported Hitler during World War II, and Franz Müeller can prove it. He was one of a small group of German students in Die Weisse Rose (The White Rose) resistance circle who risked their lives to write and distribute anti-Nazi leaflets during 1942 and 1943. Although three of the group's core members were killed for their actions, Müeller only served a jail sentence after his arrest. Müeller will speak (in English) about anti-fascist resistance during his April 11 talk on campus. (See calendar section for details.)
One of Müeller's roles in The White Rose group was to set up and run a mimeograph machine hidden inside a pipe organ in one of Ulm's Protestant churches. On this the group printed thousands of leaflets denouncing Hitler, detailing many Nazi atrocities against Jews and others, and urging readers to resist Nazism. They were the first to tell the world about the Holocaust's terrors. "Here you see the worst possible crime against humanity, the likes of which have never been seen in history," read one such flier. The group also fought hand-to-hand against the Hitler Youth in the streets on at least fifty occasions.
Müeller later became a Social Democratic Party member of the Bavarian Parliament in then-West Germany, and was a cofounder of the White Rose Foundation, which combats racism around the world.