acts of reconstruction

Mount Holyoke College

Weissman Center for Leadership
and the Liberal Arts

Spring 2006

Courses

DANCE & ART

Seminar in Twentieth-Century Art: Reconstructing Modernity

Course number: ArtHis 342s (01)

Professor: K. Koehler

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

This seminar will examine art, architecture, and design in Europe after World II and the Holocaust. Attempts at rewriting the history of modernism, redefining a new urban consciousness, and literally rebuilding the world will be among the themes explored in the work of artists' groups such as COBRA and the situationists; architectural organizations such as Archizoom, Archigram, and CIAM; design movements associated with the Ulm school, journals such as Domus; and the theoretical writings of Débord, Sartre, and Tafuri. Students will be responsible for weekly readings, a substantial research project, and in-class presentations.

Modern II

Course number: Dance 114s (01)

Professor: J. Coleman

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

Advanced beginning modern technique. The course will concentrate on aspects of strength, flexibility, and anatomical integration in order to improve technical skills. Improvisation as well as various body therapies will be included in the class format.

Modern IV

Course number: Dance 216s (01)

Professor: P. Dennis

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

Modern dance technique after the Limon/Humphrey style. Floor work, center and locomotor exercises geared to enhance the student's strength, coordination, balance, flexibility, spatial awareness, rhythmic understanding and dynamics of movement. Attention is given to isolated movements and full combinations across the floor. Throughout the course we will be dealing with various interwoven aspects of dance such as alignment, succession, opposition, potential and kinetic energy, fall, weight, recovery and rebound, suspension, isolation, breath.

Modern VI: Advanced Modern Technique

Course number: Dance 318s (01)

Professor: C. McLaughlin

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

This course focuses on the integration of technique and repertory and will introduce students to a variety of contemporary technical and performing styles in Modern dance. There will be six different guest artists, each teaching technique in conjunction with excerpts from her repertory, with a special focus on the performing challenges these involve.

Contemporary Dance: Modern I/II

Course number: THDA 30H 0

Professor: Amie S. DowlingName

Campus: Amherst College

Contemporary Dance Techniques. The study and practice of contemporary movement vocabularies, including regional dance forms, contact improvisation and various modern dance techniques. Because the specific genres and techniques will vary from semester to semester, the course may be repeated for credit. Objectives include the intellectual and physical introduction to this discipline as well as increased body awareness, alignment, flexibility, coordination, strength, musical phrasing and the expressive potential of movement. The course material is presented at the beginning/intermediate level.

Contemporary Dance: Modern/Jazz IV/V

Course number: THDA 30H 0

Professor: Candice Salyers

Campus: Amherst College

Contemporary Dance Techniques. The study and practice of contemporary movement vocabularies, including regional dance forms, contact improvisation and various modern dance techniques. Because the specific genres and techniques will vary from semester to semester, the course may be repeated for credit. Objectives include the intellectual and physical introduction to this discipline as well as increased body awareness, alignment, flexibility, coordination, strength, musical phrasing and the expressive potential of movement. The course material is presented at the beginning/intermediate level.

Three Millenium Choreographer

Course number: HACU HACU 0277

Professor: Constance V. Hill

Campus: Hampshire College

This course focuses on three contemporary choreographers whose body of works and aesthetic of dancemaking have catapulted American dance into the 21st century. While each artist represents a distinct style and tradition of modern dance (Brown, sixties protofeminist experimentalism that juxtaposes the visual and verbal; Jones, radical postmodernism that challenges representations of race and gender; Harris, new jazz that translates hip-hop onto the concert stage), altogether, they have inspired a fresh group of cutting-edge millennial dance artists who insist on speaking to a new generation. This course coincides with the 2006 Trisha Brown residency and Brown's resetting of Set/Reset in the Five College Dance Department.

 

ENVIRONMENT

Sustainable Agriculture and Agroecosystems

Course number: ENV321s (01)

Professor: B. Hooker

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

This interdisciplinary science course examines agricultural ecosystems through the study of nutrient cycling, soil processes, hydrology, and plant ecology. The course focuses on reading the primary scientific literature regarding issues of nutrient management, environmental impacts of agricultural practices on adjacent ecosystems, and contributions of agricultural systems to global climate change. Conventional, low-input, and organic agricultural practices are analyzed from the standpoint of environmental impacts. Field trips explore the application of agronomic practices in organic and low-input production systems, with an emphasis on local approaches to sustainable agriculture.

Urban Ecology

Course number: ENV321s (02)

Professor: G. DiChiro

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

(Community-based learning course) Examines theoretical and practical issues concerning the urban environment focusing on current developments in the fields of sustainable/green cities and environmental justice. Taking an historical perspective we explore the social, economic, and environmental factors that influence the development patterns of cities in the US that have led to a host of social and ecological problems affecting the quality of life of people and the health of the environment. This semester we will examine more closely issues relating to urban pollution and disparities in environmental health, with a focus on environmental justice issues facing the low-income communities in the city of Holyoke.

 

Biogeochemistry of Northern Ecosystems

Course number: ENV344s (01)

Professor: B. Hooker

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

(Speaking- and writing-intensive course; Biology 344s) Global climate models and recent evidence show that ecosystems in the northern latitudes are extremely sensitive to climate change. This interdisciplinary science course examines boreal, subarctic, and arctic ecosystems through the study of nutrient cycling, plant ecology, hydrology, soil processes, and biosphere-atmosphere interactions. Topics include fundamentals of biogeochemical cycling of major elements such as carbon and nitrogen at scales from the microscopic to global, sensitivity and feedbacks to climate change, and disturbance processes such as fire and permafrost degradation.

 

Planet Earth

Course number: Geology 104s (01)

Professor: D. Dyar

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

(Astronomy 104) This course traces the origins of the universe, our solar system, and Earth, then follows the Earth's evolution through geologic processes. Topics include planetary origins, atmospheres, interiors, and magnetic fields; plate tectonics; volcanism, weathering, earthquakes, faults and folding on terrestrial planets; distribution and limitations of Earth's resources; and the search for the origins of life. Alternate weekly problem sets and in-class quizzes.

 

Human Dimensions of Environmental Change

Course number: Geology 204s (01)

Professor: G. Kebbede

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

(Geography 204s) Using case studies from Africa, Asia, North and South America, and Europe, this course examines the interactions between human institutions (such as political and economic structures, science and technology, class and gender systems, and cultures) and the environmental/earth systems that provide their contexts and have been impacted by them. The course will provide a forum to analyze the environmental consequences of a variety of land-use systems, resource use, and development projects and explore possible alternative strategies of human-environment relations that could create a balance between human needs and environmental constraints.

Earth System Science

Course number: Geology 215s (01)

Professor: P. Batra

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

This course is an interdisciplinary introduction to the processes, interactions, and evolution of the Earth's biosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and hydrosphere. We will investigate how the Earth system has changed over geologic time, as well as how humans have affected and are affecting it. Some topics include global warming, biodiversity, and the Gaia hypothesis.

Elements of Sustainability

Course number: NS 0276(01)

Professor: F. Wirth

Campus: Hampshire College

Even if we have answers for the basic questions raised by the problem of sustainability (What are we trying to sustain, for whom, and for how long?) there are still many approaches to determining a proper course of action. The viewpoints of industrial ecology, the ecological footprint, and Natural Capitalism each provide a model for understanding the interconnectedness of the world, a means for changing the world view of society, and a standard against which to measure any particular program of change or development. It is difficult to assess the reasonability of these viewpoints or to develop our own tools for assessment because we are still very ignorant of the interconnected web of physical, chemical and biological processes that make up our environment and modulate its responses to our activities. Nevertheless, we are presently challenged to make policy judgments of vital importance to ourselves and future generations, to develop technologies and systems that enhance the survivability of our species, and to design and present these things in ways that ensure widespread adoption. In this course we will employ several case studies to examine these difficult issues. Teams of students will examine the available evidence, get practical experience, and develop evaluations or proposed solutions. Emphasis will be placed on understanding underlying scientific principles, evaluating evidence available from the technical and scientific literature, and developing innovative approaches and solutions that embody our chosen principles of sustainability.

Environmental Policy

Course number: SS 0146

Professor: S. Levin

Campus: Hampshire College

What legal and political tools do we have to protect the environment in a globalizing world? This course will explore that question, examining, among other topics, the debate about the proper balance between environmental protection and economic development, the value of wilderness and biodiversity, differing views of western, non-western, and indigenous nations about the environment, and the impact of international free trade regimes, such as the World Trade Organization (WTO), on environmental regulation. The course will introduce students to the basic structure of U.S. and international environmental law and to the skills they need to research, understand, and advocate in the area of environmental law and policy. Class members will be encouraged to pursue their own interests for independent reading and research during the semester. REA, WRI, PRS, PRJ, MCP.

Political Economy of the Environment

Course number: Econ 308

Professor: A. Duman

Campus: UMass

Application of the theories of political economy to environmental problems and issues. Topics include regulatory and market approaches to pollution and natural resource depletion; cost-benefit analysis and its economic and political foundations; and case studies of specific environmental problems such as acid rain, deforestation, and global warming.

Environmental Justice

Course number: Legal 497N

Professor: L Wing

Campus: UMass

This course examines the U.S. environmental justice (EJ) movement. Central to our study is: environmental degradation and pollution and their relationship to racism and poverty; as well as globalization's effect on international EJ. We critically analyze multiparty disputes considering the role of grassroots activism, the law, and ADR in the redress of environmental injustice. Coursework relies on relevant scholarship, case studies, and a site visit.

The Intellectual and Politics: Radical Ecology

Course number: Politics 343 (01)

Professor: P. Gill

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

Human beings appear to be the first species to knowingly destroy their own ecological niche. Many thinkers have tried to understand what this might mean about humans, nature, and the planet and have proposed social, economic, and political solutions.

Intro to Ecology

Course number: Bio 287

Professor: P. Houlihan

Campus: UMass

The scope of ecology; how organisms cope with environmental challenges; population dynamics; species interactions of competition, predation, and mutualism; community ecology; biodiversity; biogeochemical cycles; selected topics in evolutionary and behavioral ecology. Basic concepts related to practical applications in harvesting, biological control, conservation, pollution, and global change.

Resource Policy and Planning

Course number: ENVIDES 553

Professor: R. Taupier

Campus: UMass

Examination of natural resource policy formation and the planning process at the local, state, and regional levels; the role of congress, the bureaucracy, and citizens' interest in policy formation; the interplay among forces of economics, technology, ecology, and design in the determination of policy goals and planning horizons.

Human Impact on Natural Environment

Course number: GEOSCI 420

Professor: S. Stevens

Campus: UMass

Human geographical perspectives on the historical human transformation of the earth and current environmental issues. Cultural and historical geography, cultural ecology, political ecology, and environmental history used to explore the diverse, regionally variable, and historically dynamic conditions and processes that have shaped past and present human impacts on the environment. Issues include historical environmental change in New England, the destruction and conservation of tropical rain forests, and Himalayan environmental change and conservation. (Planned for Spring)

Earth Science Frontiers

Course number: NS 0155

Professor: S. Roof

Campus: Hampshire College

This course will explore the leading frontiers of earth science and their implications for the environmental issues confronting society today. Using recent primary scientific literature, students will investigate issues such as global climate change and natural resource depletion and scrutinize current governmental policies related to these issues. All students in the class will be expected to engage in active discussion and to read and interpret primary literature and prepare critical, thoughtful analyses. 300-level students will be expected to help lead the class through a specific issue and provide primary sources of information. MCP, PRJ, PRS, QUA, REA, WRI.

Environmental Science and Policy

Course number: EVS 300 (01 Sem)

Professor: D. Smith

Campus: Smith College

Current patterns of human resource consumption and waste generation are not ecologically sustainable. Effective solutions require a working knowledge of the scientific, social, political, and economic factors surrounding environmental problems. This seminar examines the impact of human activities on natural systems; the historical development of environmental problems; the interplay of environmental science, education, and policy; and efforts to build a sustainable society. Discussions will center on conflicting views of historical changes, ecological design and sustainability, biodiversity, environmental policy, media coverage of environmental issues, ecological economics, and environmental justice. An extended project will involve active investigation, analysis, and presentation of an environmental issue of local or regional importance with the explicit goal of identifying sustainable alternatives. Prerequisite: all courses completed or concurrent for the Environmental Science and Policy minor or by permission of the instructor.

Risk Assessment and Managment

Course number: ENV HLTH 671

Professor: E. Calabres

Campus: UMass

Toxicological and epidemiological basis of occupational and environmental health standards for heavy metals, gases, and carcinogens. Economic and legislative components.

US Environmental History and Policy

Course number: PPL 222

Professor: P. Newlin

Campus: Smith College

Students will explore the human-environment relationship and its role in shaping U.S. history as well as informing current environmental regulation and policy. There are no prerequisites. There will be a mid-term report on history as well as an end of the semester project in which the students will work in teams to develop and present an environmental policy. There will be some quizzes, but no final exam. Extensive reading and class participation will be required.

Natural Resource Policy and Administration

Course number: NRC 409

Professor: R. Muth

Campus: UMass

Introduction to the processes of natural resource policy formulation, administration of public lands, and social values related to managing the nation's renewable natural resources. History of current federal laws, policies, and programs, and discussion of the roles of various resources management agencies. (Planned for Spring)

Labor in the American Economy

Course number: ECON 330

Professor: V. Voorheis

Campus: UMass

Introduction to labor economics; emphasis on public policy issues such as unemployment, age and sex discrimination, collective bargaining, labor law reform, occupational safety and health.

Labor Economics

Course number: ECON 341

Professor: L. Saunders

Campus: UMass

Basic-choice-theoretic model of labor-leisure choice. Returns to education and occupational choice. Demand for labor. Minimum wages; changing income distribution, education and open economy influence; immigration. Effect of household structure and tax-expenditure system on income structure. Prerequisite: ECON 203.

US Labor History

Course number: LABOR 697C

Professor: B. Laurie

Campus: UMass

Examines development of capital-labor relations, U.S. unions, labor relations systems, and working class culture from the early 1800s to present.

Labor and Work in the US

Course number: LABOR 280

Professor: T. Juravich

Campus: UMass

The evolution and current status of labor and work in the U.S. Examines multiple perspectives on workers, unions, workplace systems, and worker rights. (Gen.Ed. I, U)

Organizing

Course number: LABOR 697H

Professor: F. Wulkan

Campus: UMass

Introduction to the principles and practices of union organizing. Topics include theories of organizing, internal and external organizing, and a case analysis of current organizing campaigns.

Social Justice Denied

Course number: LEGAL 497F

Professor: J. Levinsky

Campus: UMass

The impact of economics and class on the rights of workers under U.S. law. Using primary sources and statutory and case-based law, explores the framework of modern labor and employment law. Topics include: the impact of particular constitutional provisions, including the Fourteenth Amendment; the ideological and political underpinnings of modern labor law, including the National Labor Relations Act; the impact of race and gender on social and economic status, and the way law reinforces or responds to this relationship; and a critical comparison of contemporary American labor laws with those of other countries. Prerequisite: LEGAL 250

 

HISTORY & CULTURE

The American Peoples since 1865

Course number: History 171s (01)

Professor: J. Gerhard

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

This class introduces the history of the United States from Reconstruction to the present. Our themes include: America's evolving relationship to the world; the evolution of racial, gendered, and class identities through work, politics and culture; the growth of the federal government; and the changing meaning of politics and citizenship through social protest: the Old Left and the New Left, the Civil Rights movement, Women's and Gay Liberation movements, the New Right and the rise of the evangelical movement.

African American History: 1865 to the Present

Course number: History 282s (01)

Professor: L. Morgan

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

This course will examine the social, cultural, political, and economic history of African Americans from emancipation and Reconstruction through the present. Emphasis will fall on postwar southern social and economic developments, the rise of segregation, northern migrations, black class stratification, nationalism, the twentieth-century civil rights movement, and current trends in African American political, social, and economic life.

Segregation: Origins and Legacies

Course number: History 301s (01)

Professor: L. Morgan

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

This colloquium will explore the historical debates about the causes and timing of racial segregation, its effects on African Americans and social inequality, and its most resistant legacy in the twentieth century, residential segregation. Violence against blacks, the use of gender to bolster segregation, biracial alliances and the onset of disfranchisement, the nationalist character of segregation, and black resistance to segregation will be prominent themes. Weekly readings will include primary and secondary works, documentary films, and historical fiction.

The Meaning of Colonial Rule

Course number: History 341s (01)

Professor: J. Bowman

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

Our discussions will focus on the various forms of nationalism in colonial Africa. We will examine the evolution and implementation of colonialism in Africa as well as the development of the colonial state. We will look at local reactions and responses to this foreign domination in various parts of the continent. Our concern will be to examine interest groups and nationalist parties, and to explore their goals and strategies. We will look at the process of decolonization as well as the problems of independence and neo-colonialism.

Afro-Latin America: From Slavery to Invisibility

Course number: Latin American Studies 260s(01)

Professor: L. Gudmundson

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

Exploration of historical experiences of Afro-Latin American populations since Independence within and outside the nation-state. We will question how and why one might study those whose governments define them not as peoples of African descent but as part of a mixed-race majority of Hispanic cultural heritage, who themselves may often have supported this policy, and who may have had compelling reasons to avoid official scrutiny. Readings include turn-of-the-century racialist theorizing in Latin America; historical works using census, economic, criminal, and marriage records; analyses of race in the representation of regions and nations; as well as anthropological and autobiographical works.

Russia Under the Tsars

Course number: Russian & Eurasian Studies 205s (01)

Professor: C. Pleshakov

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

Russia came into being and achieved maturity under a monarchial rule. The age of the Romanovs, 1613-1917, has been particularly important in shaping Russia's social fabric, culture, national myth, and mindset. We will concentrate on a number of outstanding reigns, from Peter the Great, who created the Russian Empire, to Nicholas II, under whom the old regime collapsed. What signal events and extraordinary individuals contribted to the spectacular successes and horrific blunders that make Russian history? How did Russian society and culture evolve during the age of the Romanovs?

Modern Japan

Course number: ASLC 47 01

Professor: Trent E. Maxey

Campus: Amherst College

Modern Japanese History: 1800-1990. (AS) (Also History 18.) This course introduces the modern history of the Japanese archipelago, from the late Tokugawa period, through the rise of the modern Meiji nation-state, colonial expansion and total war. We will conclude with the postwar economic recovery and the socio-political challenges facing the Japanese nation-state in the early-1990s. Along the way, we will explore in the specific context of Japanese history themes that are relevant to modern societies: the collapse of a "traditional" regime, industrialization, bureaucratization, imperialism, feminism, radicalism, nationalism, war, and democracy. Classes will entail lectures along with close readings and discussions that engage primary texts, scholarship, and visual media such as film.

US Economic History 1865-1965

Course number: Econ 29 01

Professor: Daniel P. Barbezat

Campus: Amherst College

Economic History of the United States, 1865-1965. The economic development of the United States provides an excellent starting point for an understanding of both this nation's history and its current economic situation. We begin with the reconstruction period after the Civil War and end with the Civil Rights Era and the War on Poverty. Throughout we provide an economic reading of the events and try to explain the conflicts and resolutions in economic terms.

20th Century Culture & Politics

Course number: EUST 35 01

Professor: Ronald S. Tiersky

Campus: Amherst College

Culture and Politics in 20th-Century Europe. (Also Political Science 72.) This is a seminar to discuss political ideas, ideologies and culture in 20th-century Europe. Some of the main themes are: Nationalism; Marxism; Fascism; anti-Semitism; Existentialism, the so-called "decline of ideology"; and Europeanism, that is, enthusiasm for what Europeans call "the idea of Europe." Throughout the course ideas are connected to historical context: Europe's decadence and self-destruction 1914-1945; European decline and renewal since the end of World War II; and the contemporary dialectic of Europeanism "from the top down" (the European Union's structures) and "from the bottom up" (young people studying in each others' universities, intellectuals and business groups forging cross-border links, the extent of a new European-oriented political culture in Europe's civil societies). The seminar will discuss books and films, from Bertolucci's 1900, to Trotsky's What is Fascism and How to Fight It, to Sartre's Existentialism is a Humanism, to the recent films L'Auberge espagnole and Good Bye, Lenin.

The Old South 1607-1876

Course number: HIST 44 01

Professor: Martha Saxton

Campus: Amherst College

The Old South, 1607-1876. (USP) This course will examine southern culture, politics and economic life from its origins up to the Civil War. Primary and secondary readings will cover issues including the roots of slavery and the development of a distinctive Afro-American culture, the rise of a planter aristocracy based on staple crop cultivation, and the evolution of a westward expanding backcountry. The course will focus on the growth and expression of southern ideas of freedom as they played out in the Revolution, Indian removal, and the sectional crisis.

Nation and Its Other

Course number: SPAN 23 01

Professor: Carmen E. Lamas

Campus: Amherst college

The Nation and Its Other. In this course, we will read Latin American texts that capture moments of social transition and political unrest. Through the analysis of stereotypes and their subversion, the class will address how literary representations of ethnic purgings, populist and revolutionary movements, totalitarian regimes, and/or civil war question categories of race, ethnicity, gender, and sexuality, and thereby national identity. The readings for the class may include but are not limited to Cecilia Valdés (1839) by Cirilo Villaverde (Cuba), Martín Fierro (La Ida) (1872) by José Hernández (Argentina), Aves sin nido (1889) by Clorinda Matto de Turner (Perú), Los de abajo (1916) by Mariano Azuela (México), El lugar sin límites (1967) by José Donoso (Chile), and La Virgen de los Sicarios (1994) by Fernando Vallejo (Colombia).

From Edo to Tokyo

Course number: FIAR 62 01

Professor: Samuel C. Morse

Campus: Amherst College

From Edo to Tokyo: Japanese Art from 1600 to the Present. (Also Asian 38.) In 1590 the Tokugawa family founded its provincial headquarters in eastern Japan. By the eighteenth century, this castle town, named Edo (now known as Tokyo), had become the world's largest city. This class will focus on the appearance of artistic traditions in the new urban center and compare them with concurrent developments in the old capital of Kyoto. Topics of discussion will include the revival of classical imagery during the seventeenth century, the rise of an urban bourgeois culture during the eighteenth century, the conflicts brought on by the opening of Japan to the West in the nineteenth century, the reconstruction of Tokyo and its artistic practices after the Second World War, and impact of Japanese architecture, design and popular culture over the past twenty years.

Cultural History from 1800

Course number: GERM 16 01

Professor: Ute T. Brandes

Campus: Amherst College

German Cultural History from 1800 to the Present. A survey of literary and cultural developments in the German tradition from the Romantic Period to contemporary trends. Major themes will include the Romantic imagination and the rise of nationalism in the nineteenth century, the literary rebellion of the period prior to 1848, Poetic Realism and the Industrial Revolution, and various forms of aestheticism, activism, and myth. In the twentieth century we shall consider the culture of Vienna, the "Golden Twenties," the suppression of freedom in the Nazi state, issues of exile and inner emigration, and the diverse models of cultural reconstruction after 1945. Authors represented will include Friedrich Schlegel, Brentano, Heine, Büchner, Hegel, Marx, Nietzsche, Heinrich and Thomas Mann, Kafka, Brecht, Grass, Wolf, and Handke. Music by Schubert, Wagner, Mahler, and Henze; samples of art and architecture. Conducted in German.

Writing the Civil War

Course number: HACU 0206

Professor: Susan Tracy, William Ryan

Campus: Hampshire College

Historians agree that the American Civil War marks the birthing point of the United States as a modern nation, but that's about the end of any clear scholarly consensus. This course will explore the questions surrounding this pivotal conflict, beginning with the antebellum debates which consumed the public during the first part of the 19th century. From there we will turn our attention to the war itself and those swept up in it, including not only generals and soldiers, but also doctors and nurses, free blacks and slaves, immigrants and workers. We will also consider the war's aftermath and try to gain insight into the conflict's place in our collective memory. Our main source material will consist of the voluminous writing the conflict produced: letters, journals, diaries, and autobiographies; poetry, short stories and novels; and biographies and scholarly works. These forms of writing will also serve as models for our own written work. Since this is also a writing class, students will have at least one opportunity to present a piece for peer review.

Perspectives on War

Course number: GOV 246 01

Professor: Jacques Hymans

Campus: Smith College

In this course we analyze war by asking the following questions: What is war? What causes it to break out, escalate, and terminate? How is war experienced by kings and presidents, military officers, foot soldiers, and civilians? What are its longer-range political and social consequences? And when, if ever, is it justified?

Aspects of Russian History

Course number: HST 247 01 Col

Professor: Serguei Glebov

Campus: Smith College

Topic: Affirmative Action Empire: Soviet Experiences of Managing Diversity. The course will examine how the Communist rulers of the Soviet Union mobilized national identities to maintain control over the diverse populations of the USSR. We begin with World War I and the Revolution of 1917, focusing on the window of opportunities that opened for the nationalities of the former Russian Empire. We then explore the Soviet policies of creating, developing, and supporting national identities among diverse Soviet ethnic groups in light of the impact of collectivization, industrialization, expansion of education, and Stalin's Terror on Soviet nationalities. We conclude with how World War II and post-war reconstruction became formative experiences for today's post-Soviet nations.

The Shaping of the Modern Middle East, 1789-1956

Course number: HST 208 01

Professor: Daniel Brown

Campus: Smith College

A survey of Middle Eastern history from the decline of the Ottoman Empire to the end of the era of European imperialism. The historical background necessary to understand the major movements, figures and ideologies of the modern Middle East; the rise and impact of European imperialism and fascism; the emergence of Arab and Turkish nationalism, the impact of Zionism, and the development of new nation states and ideologies after the World War I.

Aspects of Japanese History: The Place of Protest in Early Modern and Modern Japan

Course number: HST 222 01

Professor: Marnie Anderson

Campus: Smith College

This course explores histories of social conflict, protest, and revolution in early modern and modern Japan. In the early modern period (1600-1867), we look at histories of peasant resistance and protest, urban uprisings, popular culture, "world-renewal" movements, and the restorationist activism of the Tokugawa period. In the modern period, we will examine the incipient democratic movements and the new millenarian religions of the Meiji era (1868-1912), radical leftist activism, mass protest, and an emerging labor movement in the Taisho era (1912-1926), anti-imperialist movements in China during the prewar years, and finally, a range of citizens' movements in the postwar decades.

History of Central Africa

Course number: HST 258 01

Professor: David Newbury

Campus: Smith College

Focusing on the former Belgian colonies of Congo, Rwanda, and Burundi from the late 1800s, this course seeks to explore, and then transcend, the powerful myths that adhere to this area of the world, the setting for Joseph Conrad's "Heart of Darkness." Topics include: precolonial cultural diversities; economic extraction in the Congo Free State; the colonial encounter and colonial experiences; decolonization and the struggles over defining the state; and postcolonial catastrophes.

History of Afro-American People to 1960

Course number: AAS 117 01

Professor: John Bracey

Campus: Smith College

An examination of the broad contours of the history of the Afro-American in the United States from ca. 1600-1960. Particular emphasis will be given to: how Africans influenced virtually every aspect of U.S. society; slavery and constitutional changes after 1865; the philosophies of W.E.B. DuBois, Booker T. Washington, Marcus Garvey, and the rise and fall of racial segregation in the U.S.

Blacks and American Law

Course number: AAS 369 01

Professor: Bernie Jones

Campus: Smith College

This course will look at institutions, ideologies, and practices that have helped shape the law as it pertains to black men and women in America. Some of the issues to be explored are slave law, segregations, affirmative action, domestic violence, and Supreme Court rulings.

African-American History, Civil War-1954

Course number: AFROAM 133

Professor: David M. Swiderski

Campus: UMass

Major issues and actions from the beginning of the Civil War to the 1954 Supreme Court decision. Focus on political and social history: transition from slavery to emancipation and Reconstruction; the Age of Booker T. Washington; urban migrations, rise of the ghettoes; the ideologies and movements from integrationism to black nationalism.

Middle East History II

Course number: History 131

Professor: Mona L. Russell

Campus: UMass

Survey of social, political and cultural change in the Middle East from the rise of the Ottoman Empire around 1300 to the present. Topics include the impact on the Middle East of the shift in world trade from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic; social, political, and cultural change; Ottoman and European relations; imperialism and revolution; World War I and the peace settlement; state formation; and the rise of nationalism and religious fundamentalism.

Latin American Cv: National Period

Course number: History 121

Professor: Jane M. Rausch

Campus: UMass

A survey of the political, economic, and cultural development of Latin America from 1824 to the present. Emphasis on Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, and Cuba. Topics include social and economic change, 20th-century revolutions, and Latin American-U.S. relations.

History Africa Since 1500

Course number: History 161

Professor: Joye L. Bowman

Campus: UMass

African and European imperialism, nationalism, and independence; how these developments have changed the life and culture of African people.

 

POLITICS

Race and American Political Development

Course number: Politics 206s (01)

Professor: J. Mink

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

This course is organized around a number of texts (and a number of American 'myths') that are recognized as part of the canon of American Politics. We will interrogate these texts not only in terms of what they have added to our understanding of race in the American experience, but also in terms of what theories do not say about the legacy of racism that has defined political development in the United States. Specifically, we will interrogate the 'myths' of an uncontested American liberal tradition, manifest destiny and the frontier thesis of democracy, the origins and effects of racial segregation, and steady progress and ultimate ascendancy of 'the American Creed.'

Politics of Ethnic Conflict

Course number: Politics 380s (01)

Professor: K. Khory

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

This seminar explores the dimensions of ethnic conflict in severely divided societies. We examine the nature of ethnic identity, the sources of group conflict, and the forms and patterns of group conflict. Case studies are selected for their contemporary importance and the different lessons that can be learned from them. A variety of approaches to address ethnic conflict is assessed. Students have the opportunity to concentrate independently on problems or cases in which they may have a special interest.

Seminar in Public Policy

Course number: Politics 346s

Professor: D.Amy

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

The purpose of this course is to develop the ability to analyze, choose, and promote public policies - the practical political skills that are essential to effective citizenship. Students work in teams on an assigned policy problem, analyzing it and determining the best solution. A large amount of class participation - both oral and written - is expected of all students.

Social Change in Southern Africa

Course number: Sociology 329s (01)

Professor: M. McKeever

Campus: Mount Holyoke College

This course will focus on recent issues of political, economic, and social change in southern Africa. We will also examine social change in these countries, and how these developments can further inform sociological theories of nationalism, development, and multinational communities. Recent issues of democratization, economic inequality, AIDs, peacekeeping, and the development of the Southern African Development Community will be considered.

African Conflict

Course number: POSC 46 01

Professor: Elke K. Zuern, Pavel Machala

Campus: Amherst College

Western Discourses - African Conflicts. The seminar will explore the sources and outcomes of a range of violence (societal, interstate, and transnational) in post-colonial Africa. We will explore the prevailing Western interpretations of these acts of violence and consider how they have been historically constructed. In exploring these acts of violence, we will examine the interests and motivations of the participants but also move beyond them, asking questions such as: Are these acts of violence significantly different from those which have occurred in the West or in other regions of the developing world? What role have former colonial powers played in these violent conflicts? What roles have international actors ranging from transnational corporations, international and regional organizations, NGOs, to mercenaries performed? How have the prevailing Western perceptions of these conflicts influenced Western responses? And how do these responses affect the very nature of the violence in post-colonial Africa?

Gandhi's Critique

Course number: SS SS 0252

Professor: Vivek Bhandari

Campus: Hampshire College

Modernity, it has been argued, exemplifies the Enlightenment truths of alienated production, bureaucratic rationality, secular progress, and the associated practices of science, technology, humanism, development, and management. However, the modern world has also witnessed the emergence of imperialism, nationalism, and the simultaneous exploitation of large parts of the world. Partly in reaction against these historical forces, a number of twentieth century social movements have adopted strategies opposed to violent confrontation, revolution, and civil war. In the twentieth century, a major critic of modernity has epitomized these strategies: M.K. Gandhi. Through a critical evaluation of the life and works of Gandhi, this course will examine Gandhis views on non-violence, the political strategy of civil disobedience, and his critique of modernity. Texts, films, and the personal narratives of Henry David Thoreau, Leo Tolstoy, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Martin Luther King will be analyzed in conjunction with Gandhis writings to understand social movements that his ideas have inspired in British India, and the United States

Black Power Movements

Course number: SS SS 0130

Professor: Dayo Gore

Campus: Hampshire College

This course examines black women's participation in, and influence on, the long civil rights movement (including black power, feminism and transnational activism) from the 1930s to the 1980s. Centering black women's experiences as grassroots organizers and political leaders, the course explores significant events, organizations and political debates that helped to form and transform the black freedom struggle as well as the impact of these struggles on black women's daily lives and status in the United States. In addition, we will examine debates over leadership styles and political goals, the dynamics of class, sexuality, race, gender and region that shaped civil rights activism, and the cultural politics of the period. From this vantage point we will begin the process of exploring a range of issues that have plagued activists and theorists alike, including building solidarity, creating viable organizations, and developing strategies for long-term social change.

State/Politics in Africa

Course number: SS SS 0291

Professor: Frank W. Holmquist

Campus: Hampshire College

Sub-Saharan Africa is facing severe multi-faceted difficulties including a crisis of the state. The state loomed large in all post-colonial scenarios of African development as the major agency of economic growth and of popular participation. The 1960s and 1970s brought mixed returns on those expectations, but the 1980s dashed prior hopes with international debt, structural adjustment economic policies, and repressive regimes. The turn of the past decade found angry people in the streets demanding democracy, while the end of the Cold War meant that major Western countries were willing to let go of some very unpopular leaders the West used to support. But despite democratic openings, an unleashing of political voices, and economic reforms in the 1990s, several states are marked by their failure to function as well as they did two decades ago, and a few have all but collapsed. Meanwhile economies are growing slowly and poverty may be spreading. The way out of the general crisis will require state reform, and that will require an understanding of the forces that created the current situation.

Civil Rights Movement

Course number: History 297C

Professor: Francoise Hamlin

Campus: UMass

Government & Politics West Africa

Course number: POLISCI 346

Professor: Carlene J. Edie

Campus: UMass

Comparison of political economy of four former British colonies of West Africa: Nigeria, Ghana, the Gambia and Sierra Leone. Difficulties of nation-state formation, the politics of the military state, role of governments in promoting, altering or retarding economic growth; impact of IMF and other external institutions on development processes. The Gambia as deviate case: liberalism and electoral politics examined.