*Looking for info about Birth Control for Men?! Click here!*


New Contraceptive Methods
 
*NuvaRing*
Provides continuous delivery of estrogen/progestin 
Inserted like a diaphragm (but does not have to be fitted), & left in for 3 weeks
After 1 week of your period, new ring must be inserted
Begin within the first 5 days of a cycle
(even if bleeding is still present)
If accidentally removed or expelled, it must be reinserted within 3 hours
Must be continuously refrigerated or used within 4 months
 
Particular side effects: vaginitis or a slight discharge


 

 

*OrthoEvra*
 Delivers a constant dose of estrogen and progestin hormones through the skin...

99+% effective

 Color:  light beige (transparent patches turned greenish because of the medication they contain)
 Patch is about 1-1/2” square

2% complete detachment rate (3% partial); tested in very active health club users

 If patch is replaced within 24 hours, wearer is still protected

 

 

How to use:  Apply one patch each week for 3 weeks; leave off for 1 week, then repeat.  “Period” occurs during the week with no patch.

 Patch cannot be worn on breast!
   Particular side effects:  skin irritation    

 
 
 
 
 
 
*Orthotricyclen Lo*
Reduces the amount of estrogen to 25 mcg (from 30 mcg), which may help estrogen-related side effects).Otherwise identical to Orthotricyclen.

Company studies indicate no increase in spotting or break-through bleeding

99+% effective

No change in effectiveness with the lower estrogen dose

Ortho company will be using powerful marketing strategies to encourage Orthotricyclen users to change to Orthotricyclen Lo (and there seems to be little reason not to do so)


 

BIRTH CONTROL FOR MEN?!

Yes, you heard correctly. And it's not just condoms anymore...
Here's the deal:


What...?
“An international survey of 2,000 men in Edinburgh, Cape Town, Hong Kong and Shanghai has shown that two thirds of all men would like to be able to take contraceptive pills themselves. Of an additional 2,000 women interviewed by the researchers, almost all would welcome this approach to contraception, and would trust their partners to be responsible about it.” (http://www.pillformen.com)

Healthy men are always producing sperm. The continuous fertility of men does not offer the opportunities for reversible intervention that are offered by women's cycles of fertility. Developing effective contraceptive methods for men without permanently impairing their fertility has proved to be very elusive, but progress is being made
.

How it Works
The pill uses external testosterone to shut down the brain's signals to the testicle, which stops making sperm and internal testosterone. It leaves the guys with a healthy amount of testosterone so that they feel fine but their sperm count is down to zero. This does not hinder the ability to have an erection. At this point the success rate is about 97%. However there is currently research being done in hopes to increase the 97%, the hope is to find the physiological mechanism of sperm production and to stop that with out interfering with the testosterone levels.

Potential Side Effects
· -mood swings
· -aggressiveness
· -lack of libido
· -acne
· -weight gain
· -lowered high density lipoprotein (HDL, the good cholesterol) levels
· -impotence
· -long-term infertility

Potential Contraceptive Injections, Implants, and Vaccines for Men (in the works)
World Health Organization studies have shown greatly reduced sperm counts in men injected once a week with testosterone enanthate (TE), a synthetic hormone. Research continues with a combination of TE and depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA), the progestin used in Depo-Provera. The combination injection may be needed only once a month.

A potential three-month injection using testosterone buciclate is in preliminary development.

Types
>
Subdermal Implants—Two rods are inserted under the skin. One of the rods contains a synthetic version of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). The other contains an androgen. The androgen, 7-alpha methyl-19-nortestosterone (MENT), is 10 times stronger than natural testosterone.

>Battery-powered capsules—Capsules implanted into each vas deferens emit low-level electrical currents that immobilizes sperm as they flow by.