A Manuscript by

Ali Ibn Omar al-Batnuni

(1095 Islamic Calendar)

العنوان في مكايد النسوان


علي بن عمر البتنوني

(1095 هجرية)

Translated by Mohammed Jiyad

Prophet Salih and his she-camel

Now let us turn to the story of the two women who caused Prophet Salih’s she-camel be butchered. That slaughter made Allah furious and He had those people be destroyed and disappeared from the face of earth. Briefly, Allah sent Prophet Salih to call his people to believe in the unity of God. Saalih did that in a very enthusiastic way. He came to their houses, attended their gatherings and waited for them on the roads. Saalih did not miss any opportunity to advance his call by attending assemblies and festivals. The more he called them, the more they became anti him and his message. Finally they asked him to show them a miracle from his god. He told them that if he showed them a miracle and they would fail to believe him, Allah would be so angry at them. Allah would send torture and sufferings their way. They had an occasion to celebrate their gods. They invited Salih to show up at that celebration. He would pray and they would see.

He asked:
Would you give up on worshipping your gods, if I showed you the miracle?
They said:

They went to the festival and Salih went along with them. They thought that they should ask him something that he could not deliver.

They said:
We would like you to pray to your god and ask him to create a she-camel from this rock. We want the she-camel to be black with a blaze, healthy looking thick hair, solid structure and with good manners. If you get that we will believe in your message and follow you. However, if you fail we would like you to leave us alone. We do not like to curse you or hurt you. You have been treated as a respected person among us. You can continue living among us, enjoy whatever you have and we will extend our protection to you.

Salih feared failure, in case that he would not be able to deliver. However, he was embarrassed to pray to Allah and ask for a she-camel! He knew that those people had no faith in Allah’s power. Soon the rock began to move and showed sign as if it were a woman in labor. A she-camel with all the specifications they requested was ‘born’ out of that rock. The camel got on its feet and came to the middle of the crowd. Then it moved on to graze in the valley and the mountains. It grazed during summer time and winter time. It used to drink a lot of water from the well. Sometimes the alley which led to the well seemed to be narrow to hold its swollen belly. It produced plenty of milk which was enough to fill in all the pots and containers which people brought along.

The well for drinking water was like twenty men’s height deep. The camel would drink all the water in it. People had to wait till the well filled up again. It became clear that people should take turn with the camel. The camel would have the water one day and the people had to wait till the following day to have their share. The camel had created a difficult situation for the people. If they were patient enough, Allah might have provided them with fountains or even rivers of water. Also, grazing became an issue. When the camel would go to the valley to graze all their animals would run a way to the mountain because they feared that camel.


Ibn al-Jawzi’s account of the story goes as the following. Salih’s people said to him: We want you to get us a she-camel out of this white rock. We will believe in you and trust that you are telling the truth.

Salih said:
That is very easy for my God to do. You need to describe the camel you want.
The king asked:
Who would like to describe that camel?
A man named Dawwd Ibn ‘Amr, who was the attendant of the idols shouted out:
Oh King, will you give me a permission to describe it?
The king said:
Go ahead! Say whatever you want.
The man approached Salih and said:
Oh Salih, if you were truly a prophet get us a she-camel with these specifications. He then began to list the specifications.
Another man whose name was Bahr Ibn al-Shakima jumped up and said:
May His Majesty allow me to specify in more details, because Dawwd’s specification is incomplete.
The king said:
All right. Go ahead!

Bahr began to offer his specifications. Soon, another man whose name was Labiid Ibn Hawwaas asked for permission. Permission was granted yet his specifications were incomplete once again. The king seemed to be bored with those details. So he came forward and said to Salih: These men have been asking too much. Let me tell you what is on my mind.

He began to numerate the qualities of the she-camel he wanted. In addition to being healthy, good bones, thick hair, giving plenty of milk, he wanted its offsprings to have the same qualities. He added that the camel should have a kind voice to announce its belief in the unity of God, and that it would recognize Salih to be His prophet. He said in conclusion: If you can come up with a she-camel like that we will believe in your call and follow your path.

Allah had inspired Salih to give them that she-camel. He reminded Salih that He would wait for him to start his prayers first. He could have created that she-camel with a blink, for He had power over all things.

Salih said:
Allah has promised to give me my need. If I get that camel, will you become believers?
They said:
On conditions that its milk is tastier than butter and sweeter than honey.
Salih asked again:
Will you become believers?
They said:
We want its milk to be cold at summer time and warm at winter time. That milk should make sick person recover and make poor person rich.
Salih repeated the question:
Will you become believers?
They said:
It should leave the pastures for our animals and limit its grazing to mountains and valleys.
Salih asked once again:
Will you become believers?
They said:
That it will not compete with us on the water. It will go to the well one day and we go the following day.
Salih asked again:
Will you become believers?
They said:
Yes, we will, providing that the camel will come in the evening and remind those who did not show up to get their share of its milk to come out and get it. We also have one more condition; milk should pour into the containers automatically.
Salih said:
Now that you have put forward so many conditions, let me tell you that I have my own, too. My conditions are that no one will ride the camel, or throw a stone or an arrow at it. Furthermore, no one should stop it from getting water.
They said:
We agree to all of that.

Salih stood up, performed the ablution, followed that by two prostrations and concluded with a call for help. He then approached the rock and put his hand on it. Soon the rock began to move backward and forward. Clear water gushed forth from beneath it. It filled the valley under the watch of the men. Salih placed his hand once again on the rock. It began to moan as if it were a woman in labor. The camel began to move inside the rock then its head came out, followed by the rest of the body. The camel was “born” amid the total surprise of the men and their king. The camel had all the specifications the king wanted. All that was done by Allah’s power. The camel headed to the valley to graze but all sheep, goats, cows, horses, and camels were scared and run a way to the mountain. People did not like to see their animals stamped.

There were two extremely beautiful and rich women among the people of Salih. Their names were SaduuQ and ‘Unaitira. They owned big herds of sheep, goats and cows. These two women had two confidents who liked and used to meet and talked to them. SaduuQ’s confidant was named Quddaar Ibn Saalif who had red hair and blue eyes. He was short and moved like a swordfish. ‘Unaitira’s companion was named MaSda’ Ibn Mahraj. He was a proud man who was well respected among his people. He was tall, slender and truly arrogant. Needless to say that those two women hated Salih so much and they were among the hard core unbelievers. They instigated their people to butcher Salih’s camel, because that camel did damage to their herds. One day the two confidents came to visit the beautiful women.

SaduuQ said:
We would like to offer you wine, but unfortunately we cannot. As you know, today is the camel’s water day.
‘Unaitira said:
If our men were really men something like that would not have happened. Salih’s camel is just like another camel; one can chase it out or even hit it on its face. But there are no real men in the valley.
Quddaar said:
Oh SaduuQ, what would you say if I go today and do exactly what ‘Unaitira has just suggested. I will let you and your herd gets your need for water as long as you want.
SaduuQ said:
I will give you myself!

Then she uncovered her face to him and he saw her charming beauty.

Having seen that, MaSda’ said to the other woman:
And what would I get, oh ‘Unaitira, if I join Qaddaar and let you and your herd has enough water like SaduuQ and her livestock.
‘Unaitira said:
I will give you myself. In fact you can choose either of us.

She uncovered her face. Her beauty was something only Allah knew.

The two men said in one voice:
Well, come on then and give us some wine!

The two women served them pure wine, not mixed with water. When they got drank they went out and asked some other stupid men to join them. Seven men answered, and they formed a team of nine men who were armed with swords and arrows. They were Qaddaar Ibn Saalif, MaSda’ Ibn Mahraj, al-Hathiil Ibn ‘Atruuk, ‘Amiim Ibn ‘Amiim, ‘Afiir Ibn Kardam, ‘AaSim Ibn Makhzama, SaliiT Ibn Sarfa and NashiiT Ibn ThaQiiQ. They waited for Salih’s camel to come to get water. When it came they started their attack using their swords. The camel fought back and chased them a way. However, Qaddaar Ibn Saalif managed to get behind it and stroke its right hind with his sword, while MaSda’ put an arrow in its left hind. The camel collapsed and Qaddaar rushed and slaughtered it with his sword. Having seen its mother butchered in front of its eyes, the young baby run a way in the direction of the mountain. It fumed with rage and cried that even Salih’s people felt sorry for it. When they heard that the camel was slaughtered people rushed to get pieces of its meat.

Salih did not know what had happened. When the news arrived him that his God’s she-camel was butchered, cut to pieces and already been cooked he was filled with anger and rushed to the scene shouting and threatening. He found out that the news was accurate. He promised them hell and they cursed him. Animosity between the two sides became even more intensified. Salih said to a few men who were near him to go and look for the baby camel. He said that if they failed to bring it back Allah’s anger, and therefore, their punishment would be even more severe. They went to the mountain but they realized that the more they climbed the higher the mountain became. When they saw that they realized that they were doomed and would certainly face torture.

Salih said:
You will have three days, past Wednesday. So, it might be good for you to enjoy them!
They asked:
What is your sign?
He said:
The first day your faces will turn yellow, the second will be red, and in the third day your faces will turn black. Then torture will fall upon you.

When Salih threatened them they thought that he should be killed. The nine men who were involved in killing the camel planned to murder Salih and his family. When they moved to put their plan in action at night time, the angels intercepted and shook them. The nine men were found dead the next morning. When people knew of the nine men’s death they assembled and sought Salih. When they came to his house some of his relatives asked: What do you want?

They said:
We want to kill Salih and eight members of his immediate family members to match the murder of our nine men.
Salih said:
You should not rush. You should wait those three days. If Allah promise was correct then Allah had fulfilled his promise. If you try any thing now, Allah’s anger with you might become even more severe.

The men listened to him and the crowed dispersed. Good enough, their faces turned yellow on Thursday, and then turned red on Friday. On Saturday their faces turned black. The Qur’an said, “On the Day of Judgment will you see those who told lies against Allah, their faces will be black.” (al-Zumar, 60) They dug holes, held in hands their leather mats (usually used during executions), closed their doors, and stayed at home. When Jibriil shouted at them in the Name of Allah they became quiet. Then Allah grumbled and sent harm their way and they were all perished as a result of their guilt. The punishment was


leveled to include the young and the old. Every thing was destroyed on that Sunday evening. Allah said, “But the (mighty) blast did seize the wrong-doers, and they lay prostrate in their homes by the morning.” (Hud, 94)

Only one crippled woman was saved. That woman hated Salih and all the believers. However, Allah put strength in her legs and she was able to walk. The purpose was that she would report to others of what had happened to her own people. The woman took off and came to the Valley of the Villages to the north of al-Madiina. She told people of the torture, pain and destruction that fell upon her people. She asked for water. They gave her water and she took a sip. She died immediately. Salih told his people that that area was doomed and Allah was very displeased with its inhabitants. He advised them to move. They asked: We share your opinion. What do you want us to do?

Salih said:
You go to the area near the Forbidden House and settle down there. I cannot see any place that would take you.

They collected whatever they had, loaded and fastened it with ropes made of date palm fibers and took off on their way to Mekka. They arrived there, performed the pilgrimage and spent the rest of their lives there. Their cemetery was located to the west of the Ka’ba between Dar al-Nadwa and the Stone.

You have now seen how the deceit of those two women had brought death and destruction on their own people. The two were behind the plot and the reason why Salih’s she-camel, which was a symbol of Allah’s might and power, was butchered. Look at the severe punishment and the eternal shame that had befallen upon those people. Allah said, “So the earthquake took them unaware, and they lay prostrate in their homes in the morning!” (al-‘A’raaf, 87) Jibriil’s scream in heaven made the earth shake, and on Sunday morning all those people were dead. The earthquake was followed by thunder and fire which was coming from both sky and earth. It turned the bodies of the dead into ashes. They were all gone in one single hour. Praise to Allah who is always victorious over His enemies.

al-Kalby said that Salih and his followers, who were about 110 persons, had left prior to the disaster. Salih was crying, and when he turned back and noticed the smoke he knew it was over for the1500 individuals he left behind. Salih and his followers went back to the area, resided in it and began to multiply until they later all died and cease to exist. This violent death that befell upon so many people was because of the two women, SaduuQ and ‘Unaitira. They seduced Quddaar Ibn Saalif and MaSda’ Ibn Mahraj. They instigated them to butcher Salih’s camel, and promised them sexual favors. The men did exactly what the two women wanted and killed the camel, which was an example of Allah’s power. May Allah protect you and us from women’s canning, for their canning is huge.


Bal’aa’s Wife

There is also the story of Bal’aa’s wife. He was a man of knowledge and a good worshipper, whose prayers were always answered. Bal’aa’ lived at the time of Prophet Moses, who was planning to invade the land of the unbeliever king.

The king came to Bal’aa’ and said:
Moses is a man of determination and he has many soldiers. If he decided to attack us we would be massacred. I want you to pray to Allah to stop him.
Bal’aa’ asked:
How can I do that? I will lose this world and the hereafter.
The king said:
But we are your people, and Moses wants to kick us out of our homes and make Bani Israel live in them. We are your people and you will have no existence if we go. Life will be of no significance to you after us. Your prayers have been answered. Therefore, you need to go out and pray against Moses and his army.
Bal’aa’ said:
Woe to you! This is the Prophet of Allah who is coming with believers and angels. How could I pray to Allah against them? I know what Allah wants.

The king pleaded, begged and implored, but Bal’aa’ stood his ground. Bal’aa’ had a much younger wife then. He loved and shared with her his private and secret matters. They went to her and brought with them some gifts which she accepted.

They said:
You are aware of what has befallen upon us, and we want you to convince Bal’aa’.
She said:
I will do that.

She talked to her husband and said: Oh Bal’aa’, you owe it to your people by virtue of blood, neighborhood and esteem. You are not a man who will give up on his neighbors at a time of need. These people have been kind to you, and you owe it to them to pay back and pay attention to their concerns.

Bal’aa’ said:
If I know that this matter is not coming from Allah, I will have no hesitance to come to their support.

She went after him and seduced him until he went astray. He got on the back of his she-donkey and went out to the mountain where he could see Bani Israel. He was planning to pray against them. After a short distance his she-donkey seemed to lost its strength and fell to the ground. Bal’aa’ dismounted the donkey and hit it with his stick. The donkey stood up and walked for another short distances and collapsed. He began to hit it, so the donkey said to him: Oh, Bal’aa’ I am only taking orders! Please do not do me harm. Look! Don’t you see the angels in my face, in front of me and standing in my way? They say to me, "Are you truly going to take him so that he will pray to Allah against His own prophet and the believers?”

Bal’aa’ let the she-donkey and climbed to the top of the mountain where he was able to see Bani Israel. He began to pray but his tongue was twisted. Every thing bad he wanted to happen to Bani Israel would happen to his own people. Everything good he prayed to happen to his people would go to Bani Israel. His people asked what he was doing. He said he could not have control over his tongue. Then a lightning fell upon him from sky and blinded him. He told his people that he lost this world and the hereafter.

In another account it was reported that when his donkey collapsed and talked to him it pointed out to the angel that was blocking its way. Bal’aa’ fell on his knees in prayers. He went back to his people and offered a sacrifice. Allah accepted his sacrifice and told him:


Moses is my chosen individual among my creatures! Go home now!

However, Bal’aa’ wife came with an idea. She said: We have no choice left, but to trick Bani Israel. Send some women to Moses army camp and they will seduce those soldiers. They are the people of the book, and you need to have just one of them commits sin. If others do not stop that man, then all of them will be considered sinners and Allah’s punishment will fall upon them. Nothing charm men like beautiful women! Let us have some beautiful women go and pretend that they were selling things. If a man shows sexual interest in any of them, that woman must not resist and let him have his way. One beautiful woman came to one soldier who liked her. He held her hand, took her inside his tent and made love to her. A man who seemed to have both strength and authority saw that. He followed them to the tent, drew his lance and stabbed them together with one single blow. He pulled and held up his lance in the air, and the rest expressed satisfaction with his action and disapproval of that of the sinners’ act. That was how they were saved from Allah’s rage.

Allah protected them with the blessings of Moses who moved on with his army to fight Bal’aa’s people. Moses conquered, killed and captured many of them. His army captured the king and executed him. They confiscated the gifts which were given to Bal’aa’s wife. This story was inspired to Prophet Mohammed. “Relate to them the story of the man to whom We sent Our signs, but he passed them by. So Satan followed him up, and he went astray.” According to ‘Abu HafS al-Kabiir al-Nasfi, the word “sign” means the name of Allah. Bal’aa’ was well aware of that. Al-Nasfi discredited some accounts which claimed that Bal’aa’ was a prophet. He said that such a claim should not have been made and should be denied at face value. Prophets were chosen by Allah, “And We chose them aforetime above the nations, knowingly.” (al-Dukhaan, 32) Therefore, it was impossible for a prophet to back up from his own message. The word “signs” could also mean the tablets which Abraham kept. It also could mean “esteem” for someone who looked up and was able to see the throne and would look down and see dust. It could mean “a holy man with signs”, but he passed them by. If Allah wanted to protect Bal’aa’ from making a mistake He would have done that. According to Mujaahid, Allah wanted Bal’aa’ to stay on earth because he had inclination to like this world. He would be eternal on earth. Some said that he followed his wife’s advice. By doing that he preferred this world over the hereafter. Some said that he obeyed his Satan. He was like a dog and it is in the nature of the dog to follow you whether you chase it or let it. So was the case of this spiteful man.

Ibn ‘Abbaas said that a dog does not have power. It would pursue you whether you kick it or let it. Anyone who left the right path became powerless. al-QuTaibi said everyone panted out of being tired or thirsty. A dog, however, would pant when it was tired or restful, health or sick, satisfied or thirsty. al-QuTaibi said that Allah had made the dog a case for those who reneged their faith, and were cautioned but did not listen. It was like what Allah said, “If you call them for guidance, they will not obey. For it is the same whether you call them or you will keep silent.” (al-‘A’raaf, 193) It was Bal’aa’s bad judgment that led him pass by the sign of Allah. He was safe when he followed them, and when he abandoned that sign Satan followed him. He was like a thief who would not come close to the sheep if the herder was there. Once the herder left that thief would have


a free hand to steal at will. Bal’aa’ was exactly like that. He was ignorant of what Allah had given him, and did not value the blessings properly. Therefore, Allah’s opinion of him came to change, for Allah said that He could not change people unless they began to change what was inside their souls.

The reason why Bal’aa’ passed by the blessings of Allah was because of his wife and her inclinations to and desires of this world. Therefore, he just got the ephemeral things of this world. Nothing was more harmful to the world other than greed. Allah said that many monks ate off people’s treasures illegally. Allah said that, “They chose (for themselves) the vanities of this world.” (al-‘A’raaf, 169) He reminded the prophets that He was not asking them for a reward. Regarding the comparison with dogs in the meaning intended, a dog was much better than a thousand of Bal’aa’. A dog knew Allah, believed in His unity and would not be punished by being sent to hell. Bal’aa’, on the otherhand, was a blasphemous who would be under an eternal punishment. al-Imam al-Qushairi said that if Allah wanted to help Bal’aa’ He would have made him live in eternal happiness. He who had such a history of giving up on his faith would find it impossible to be saved. Allah said that earth should be the place for Bal’aa’. Adam lived in paradise, but when his greed led him to seek eternity he was exiled to earth. All that was in response to Allah’s will.

Ibn al-Jawzaa’ was quoted by Ibn ‘Abbaas as saying that the verse regarding the War of Basuus was in response to a prayer by a believer from Bani Israel. In fact that man was granted three favorable responses to his prayers. He was married to a woman whose name was War of Basuus and they had many children. She asked him that one of those favorable responses should concern her.

The man agreed and asked:
What do you want?
She said:
I want to be the most beautiful women in Bani Israel.

So the man prayed and Allah responded by making that woman the most beautiful in Bani Israel. Once she was granted beauty she became haughty and began to look down on her husband. The man got mad, and he prayed to Allah to change her into a barking bitch. So, Allah turned her into a barking bitch, and she began to bark at people on the street. Soon his children became embarrassed and confused. People began insulting them and reminded them that their mother was a barking bitch! They pleaded to their father to pray to Allah to turn her into a human being again. The man prayed to Allah and the woman was restored to her previous form. So, this good man had wasted all his three favorable responses on his wife.

Now, compare this to the suffering for missing the right path which Bal’aa’ had gone through. Allah took faith out of his heart because he accepted his wife’s advice. It was reported that when Moses learned of Bal’aa’s intentions to pray against him and his people, Moses counter-prayed and asked that Allah might take faith out of Bal’aa’s heart. Allah responded to Moses’ prayers and faith left Bal’aa’ chest in a form of a white pigeon. In addition, his tongue came out of his mouth hanging down over his chest. His face turned black. He knew that faith was taken out of his heart. He picked a stone and began to beat his chest with while he was saying, “Oh my religion, oh my Islam, oh my


faith in the unity of Allah!” He kept doing that until he died. Al-Imam al-Nafsi said that Bal’aa’ was at least able to make one call that Moses and his people would be lost in the desert. However, many people did not give credit to this account and concluded that it had no base. Surely, Allah only knew the truth. Remember how War of Basuus had caused her husband to waste all his three favorable responses! The man parted with his wife and prayed to Allah to make him happy, but he did not get any favorable responses because he already used his share. Because Allah did not respond the man finally died, but not as a Muslim. This was because of his wife’s slyness. May Allah save you and us from women’s artful plot, for their deception had no limit.


Prophet Joseph and Zulaikha

Let us now turn to Joseph’s story with Zulaikha, the pharaoh's wife who sought and almost succeeded in seducing Joseph. It was Allah’s obviation that protected him, “But she in whose house he was, sought to seduce him.” (Yuusuf, 23) In his interpretation of the Qur’an, al-Nasfi said that “seduction” was an act between two people with only one of them trying. There could be resistance, hesitance and pushing like when Zulaikha had sought Joseph’s cooperation to commit sin. The selection of the verb (pattern II) was meant to indicate being careful not to be surprised or gave Joseph a chance to rid himself of the trap she set up for him, “And she fastened the doors, and said: ‘Now come’. He said: “Allah forbid!’ Truly (your husband) is my lord. He made my sojourn agreeable! Truly to no good come those who do wrong” (Yuusuf, 23) Zulaikha said, “Come on!”, meaning “I am yours.” Joseph reminded her that her husband was his master, who treated him kindly and that he would not betray him and violate his honor. He told her that any attempt like hers was wrong, and those who did wrong should not expect reward. He pleaded that if he were to betray the honor of the man, who took care of him, it would be like violating his own honor. He told her that sinners would not be able to escape Allah’s punishment.

Zulaikha badly fell in love with Joseph. She lost weight, looked pale, and lost strength and sleep. People in her house were troubled by her conditions. An old woman asked Zulaikha for the reasons why she looked like that. Zulaikha told the old woman of her passion for Joseph and asked her for assistance in finding some way to achieve her goals. The old woman said: Tell him of what is in your heart, and show him your beauty. Zulaikha said: He does not come close to me and he avoids looking at me. When he enters the house he closes his eyes.

The old woman said:
I will set a plan to trick him but that requires a lot of money.
Zulaikha said:
Money is not an issue. I will provide whatever you want.

Zulaikha made the money available to build a house made of marble. Images of Zulaikha and Joseph were engraved on the ceiling and the walls of the house. Top quality furniture was brought in and kitchenware and vases were put for decoration. As planned, Zulaikha was dressed in her most beautiful garments and put on her head a crown with shiny precious stones. She sat on a bed that was made of red gold decorated with sapphire. Joseph was invited to come in. Once he stepped inside, all the seven doors were shut close behind him.

She said to Joseph:
You are so handsome!
Joseph said:
That the way my Lord created me.
Zulaikha said:
Your hair is so beautiful.
Joseph said:
It is the first thing that will fell off when I am placed in my tomb.
Zulaikha said:
You are gorgeous.
Joseph said:
So that I can look well at my Lord.
Zulaikha said:
Raise your eyes and look at me!
Joseph said:
I am afraid to become blind at the end of my life.
Zulaikha said:
Come in and enter this compartment. I made it special for you.
Joseph said:
Nothing can hide me from my Lord.
She said
Come and satisfy my passion.
Joseph said:
I will ruin my chance of getting into paradise.
Zulaikha asked:
Oh Joseph, why do you disobey me?
Joseph said:
I seek that in order to satisfy my Lord
Zulaikha said:
You are my slave and I bought you. Now you are looking down at me.
Joseph said:
You bought me because of someone else sin and crime.
Zulaikha said:
I wish I have not seen you.
Joseph said:
It was all the fault of my brothers.
Zulaikha said:
Put your hand on my breast.
Joseph said:
I cannot tolerate that my body will be toasted on fire.
Zulaikha pleaded:
Come on and water the thirsty garden.
Joseph said:
Only he who has the key to that garden is entitled to water it.
Zulaikha threatened:
If you do not obey me, I will hand you over to those who will torture you until you become so thin like me.
Joseph said:
That is fine if it brings me my Lord’s approval.
Zulaikha asked:
Why are you not attracted to me?
Joseph said:
I fear my Lord who owns heavens and his authority includes earth. He is a witness to you and to me.
Zulaikha said:
My lord’s authority is on this earth. I will hold the cup that is made of peridot in my left hand and the cup that is made of pearls in my right hand. I will water him from the first cup. His flesh will fall down into my hands and then I will bury him in the foundations of my house. As for your god in heavens, I have more precious stones than he can carry. I will give all that in sacrifice and your god in heavens will forgive you.
Joseph said:
God forbids! He who commits sin will have his face turned black on the Day of Judgment. His hidden secrets will be revealed and his body will be toasted in hell. Please, don’t be the reason for my face to turn black and make me ashamed before my parents. Please, don’t bring my Lord’s rage on me and have Him inflicts fires of hell on my body.

At that moment Zulaikha pulled the curtains and closed the doors. al-Qushairi said that when Zulaikha closed the doors Allah opened for Joseph the doors for victory and safeguarding. So, she could not hurt him by closing the doors since Allah opened other door for keeping his body pure. Allah immediately blessed Joseph with safeguard. The Qur’an said, “And (with passion) did she desire him, and he would have desired her.” (Yuusuf, 24) al-Imam Abu ManSuur took an issue with some interpreters. They claimed that the verse meant that she submitted to him, and he had a desire for her to the point that he began to release his belt. He though that all this talk was nothing but a fable. One should not think that way for the following reasons.

1. Allah said in the words of Joseph that she desired him, “It was she that sought to seduce me.” (Yuusuf, 26)
2. Allah said that He will protect Joseph from bad behavior and sins because he was a faithful worshipper, “Thus, (did We order) that We might turn away from him (all) evil and indecent deeds. For he was one of Our chosen servants.” (Yuusuf, 24)
3. Allah said that He would not betray Joseph, “This (say I), in order that he may know that I have never been false to him in his absence.” (Yuusuf, 52)
4. Allah said that the women (Zulaikha’s friends) gave a testimony that Joseph had done nothing wrong, “The ladies said: ‘Allah preserve us! No evil know we against him!” (Yuusuf, 51)
5. Allah said that Zulaikha herself finally admitted that it was she who tried to seduce Joseph. “Said the ‘Aziz’s wife: ‘Now is the truth manifest (to all). It was I who sought to seduce him. He is indeed of those who are (ever) true and virtuous.” (Yuusuf, 51)

All these Qura’nic verses are clear and there was no hidden meaning in them. It is true that there was reference to that, “she did desire him, and he would have desired her.” But Joseph stopped when he got a hint from Allah.

Ibn ‘Abbaas reported that the angel Jibriil came to Joseph and said, “Oh Joseph, the son of Jacob, your name is listed in the Book of the Prophets, and you are on the list of the pious men. Don’t you ever do the deed of the sinners!” It was also reported that Jibriil came to Joseph in the form of his own father. The father was biting on his finger. When Joseph saw that image he ran to the door. MuQaatil Ibn Mohammed reported that Joseph saw a line of writing on the ceiling which read “Nor come nigh to adultery.” Ja’far al-SaadiQ said that the proof of prophetship which Allah had put inside Joseph’s chest was the reason to protect him from doing any thing that would bring Allah’s rage on him. It was also reported that when Joseph glanced at the first wall he saw a pen which wrote on it, “In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. Nor come nigh to adultery.” (al-‘Israa’, 32)

When he looked at the second wall he saw a pen which wrote, “In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. Every soul will be (held) in pledge for its deeds.” (al-Muddathir, 38) Joseph turned his head towards the third wall. He saw a pen which wrote, “In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. But verily over you (are appointed angels) to protect you.” (al-InfiTaar, 10) He looked at the fourth wall and saw a pen which wrote, “In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. Allah knows the treachery of the eyes, and all that the hearts (of men) conceal.” (Ghaafir, 19) Joseph looked down at the ground and saw a pen which wrote, “In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. For I am with you. I hear and see everything.” (Taaha, 46) Joseph looked at the ceiling and he saw this time the image of his father who looked like he was looking at Joseph and was biting on his finger in warning. Therefore, Joseph ran to the door. Allah said, “Thus (did We order) that We might turn away from him (all) evil and indecent deeds. For he was one of Our servants chosen” (Yuusuf, 24). Allah meant that He had saved Joseph from adultery and indecent deeds. Allah repeated that in the following verse, “Know they not that Allah does know their secret (thoughts) and their secret counsels.” (al-Tawba, 78) and also that Joseph was one of the chosen servants.

By the word “chosen” Allah meant those who devoted themselves, their hearts and their deeds to Allah. Furthermore, they were the ones whom Allah had purified from roiling and singled them out with His blessings. As for racing to the door, it meant that Zulaikha raced to catch Joseph and he raced in order to save himself from her seduction. As for the verse “And she tore his shirt.” (Yuusuf, 25), Allah meant that Zulaikha took hold of the edge of Joseph’s shirt and tore it. At that moment, “They both found her lord near the door.” (Yuusuf 25) In Coptic language the word “lord” meant “husband”. It was reported


that Prophet Mohammed said that one had to learn and understand prior to one’s objectives to rule, meaning that one had to do that prior to one’s getting married. Faced with that circumstances Zulaikha asked her husband, “What is the (fitting) punishment for someone who formed an evil design against your wife, but prison or a grievous chastisement” (Yuusuf, 25) It was understood that she made it looked like it was Joseph who wanted to rape her. The fact was far from that. By stating her account in a form of a question she hinted, and avoided telling a bold lie. Some said that she was afraid that her husband would kill her out of jealousy. She suggested jailing Joseph, and then followed up with another option of painful torture, in case her husband might doubt her.

Once he heard Zulaikha’s account, Joseph realized that if he kept silent it might be taken as an evidence of his guilt. Any Muslim would not accept an accusation as serious as this one. He was true in demonstrating his innocence, and therefore, was able to set the foundations for his rule that was based on unification and canonical law of Islam. He said that it was she who tried to seduce him. It was reported that when Joseph run a way from Zulaikha all the locks on the doors fell on the floor. She was able to catch up with him at the last door. She held his shirt and he tried to free himself, and thus, caused his shirt to be torn. Her husband met them at that last door.

He asked:
What is the matter with you, two?
She said:
You allowed a regular thief to enter your house. You trusted your family to him. I was sleeping when he came to my bedroom and he closed the door. I woke up as he was trying to enter into my bed. I woke up and jumped up trying to catch him. He ran to the door. He tried to escape so that you will not see him.
The Pharaoh asked Joseph:
Did you betray me regarding my family, oh Joseph? Did you deceive me by showing how good you are, and how honest and decent?
Joseph said:
She was the one who tried to seduce me. Look at my shirt. She tore the back of it when I ran from her and she tried to catch me.

In a book entitled “The Prophets’ Chastity,” by al-Razi, he said that Joseph might have kept the matter as a secret if Zulaikha did not accuse him. Once she brought the accusation, and therefore the sin on Joseph, he in turn did not like the king to have the impression that he, Joseph, was dishonest. However, the king soon realized that it was she who initiated that event, not Joseph. The Qur’an said, “And one of her household saw (this) and bore witness.” (Yuusuf, 25) It was reported that the witness was a baby in his cradle. He was a cousin to Zulaikha. Prophet Mohammed said only three babies in cradles spoke; Joseph’s witness, Jesus and the witness for the monk JariiH. The witness said, “If it be that his shirt is rent from the front, then is her tale true, and he is a liar! But if it be that his shirt is torn from the back, then is she the liar, and he is telling the truth.” (Yuusuf, 25-26) That meant that if his shirt was torn from front, it was he who approached her and she resisted. If his shirt was torn from behind, then it proved that he was running away from her. When the king noticed that Joseph’s shirt was torn from the back he said, “Behold! It is a snare of you women! Truly, mighty is your snare!” (Yuusuf, 28) It meant that it was all due to women’s trick when men did not respond to their desires. That quotation was attributed to the king, while some interpreters said that it was pronounced by the witness himself. Some said that such a snare was even greater than Satan’s snare. They claimed that Satan’s snare was weak because it was secret,


while women’s snare was stronger because it was open. Moreover, Satan would go a way when one prays to Allah and say, “I seek Allah’s protection from Satan’s evil.”

The Pharao addressed both of them by saying. “O Joseph, pass this over! (O wife), ask forgiveness.” (Yuusuf, 29) Again, some reported that those were the king’s words. He asked Joseph not to mention the event because he was motivated to protect his wife’s and house secrets. At the same time, he advised his wife to pray for forgiveness. It also could mean that he wanted Joseph not to worry, now that he, the king, was satisfied with Joseph’s innocence. Now, when he asked his wife to pray to Allah for forgiveness, even though she was infidel, that indicated that people at the time admitted that Allah was their creator. His words, “For your sin, for truly you have been at fault.” (Yuusuf, 29) He meant that she had violated her obligations towards her husband. al-Imam al-Qushairi said that any believer was venerable to tribulation, especially good believers such as Joseph. His was a remarkable case. Though his innocence was clear to everyone, he had to spend twelve years in jail. However, despite the king’s conviction that his wife was one of “those whose snare was truly might,” yet the king was satisfied with advising her to ask for forgiveness.

Joseph’s term in jail came to end when the king saw a dream and Joseph explained it to him. He then submitted his request to the king by saying, “Set me over the store-houses of the land. I am a good keeper, knowledgeable.” (Yuusuf, 51) The king agreed and ordered his army to follow Joseph’s advise and the army did as they were instructed. Joseph became a king. Then the land suffered many years of drought followed by famine. The king died and Joseph promised that if conditions were to change he would give a big sacrifice in a form of a huge banquet for the poor and the needy. As time passed, Joseph forgot his promise. At the orders of Allah, Jibriil came to Joseph and said that Allah had ordered Joseph to fulfill his promise for a sacrifice. Joseph remembered his promise and said he would do it immediately.

However, some scholars suggested that the promise was given earlier; at the time when Joseph was in jail. When he noticed that the poor prisoners were hungry Joseph had promised Allah and said: Oh Lord! If you set me free of this jail and you give me generously I will bring to my house and feed the rich and the poor, the old and the young. Certainly, Joseph was serious when he gave that promise. However, it took some time, in fact many years, for Joseph to gain his freedom and became a king. Meanwhile, Joseph forgot about that sacrifice. Many years passed, and then Jibriil came to him and said: You, the son of the most honorable! It is time to give your sacrifice!

It took Joseph a month to prepare for the banquet and then he sent his messengers who publicly announced the invitation. People showed up. Jibriil came and said that there were some who could not come. Joseph sent his followers who helped and brought those who were sick or weak to walk all the way to the banquet. The attendants reported to Joseph who was about to give his orders to serve. Jibriil came back again and reminded Joseph that there was still someone who did not show up.

Joseph asked:
Where did we find him?
Jibriil said:
At the edge of the city, by the sea, in a cottage that is built of palm tree leaves. There is a blind woman who lives there. Allah will forbid all your guests from touching your food unless she is invited. So, don’t give your orders to have the food served until she comes.

Joseph sent his attendants to bring the blind old lady.

They said to her:
The king is inviting you to come to his banquet.
She said:
I do not need his banquet. I have had seen so many. My eyes are full with banquets. My ears are deaf because of people’s rebuke.
They said:
To obey the king’s orders is a duty.
She said:
A duty on you. You are the ones who enjoy his generosity. Now, if he is serious he has to come and invite me in person!

The attendant came to Joseph and informed him of what the blind woman had said. Joseph said that it was always the king who got blamed. He ordered that no food would be served until he went to see that woman. Probably she had some excuse for talking like that. He said he would walk to her cottage by himself, and to do that for the sake of Allah.

He walked to her cottage and said to her:
Come on, old lady! Come and join the banquet.
She said:
Now I am an “old lady”! You used to call me “My Lady.” I swear I am tired of what had befallen upon me. Though I lost my riches and sight, but my soul is not broken! We have blessed you and filled your hands with precious stones and scattered them over your feet.
Joseph asked:
What are you talking about? What is this humiliation all about?

Joseph was reminded that the old woman was none but Zulaikha herself. Joseph wept for he felt so bad for her conditions. When she walked with him into the hall, the word had already spread that it was Zulaikha who was coming with Joseph. People stood up in recognition of her past glory. He ordered that she should be provided with money and gifts.

She said:
I do not need that. We owned a lot of it. It didn’t do us any good. Now, I want to ask for something else. If you can do it, that is fine. If you couldn’t please send me back to my hut.
Joseph asked:
What is it that you want?
She said:
I want to get back my sight. I want to enjoy seeing things again. I do not think that is hard for your god to do.

Joseph asked Allah and Zulaikha got her sight.

She added:
I want back my youth!

Joseph asked Allah and Zulaikha got her young looks.

She said:
Now my heart is happy. God, I want to marry Joseph!

Jibriil came down to Joseph and ordered that he should marry Zulaikha. He told him that she was honored for Joseph’s sake, and that Allah wanted Joseph to honor her for His sake. So, the banquet served two purposes. Joseph had fulfilled his promise for sacrifice when he was in jail, and at the same time it was his wedding banquet. Joseph married Zulaikha that night. When he came closer to her she moved a way from him. His desire to get her became stronger. He tried again but she moved further away. His desire became


even stronger. She ran away from him and he chased her. He took hold of her shirt in the back and tore it.

Jibriil came down to him and said:
OK Joseph! One for one!

So, her life with Joseph went according to what Allah had destined for them. She finally let him get her. They had a number of boys equal to the number of Joseph’s brothers; eleven to be exact! It was one of Allah’s wonders.


Prophet David

As for Prophet David, he had his share of misfortune due to a woman. She was Ooriya’s wife. Ooriya was his minister. In fact, she was engaged to that man. David saw her and liked her. He thought of her a lot, and asked her to marry him. Reporting the story, Allah said, “And David gathered that we had tried him. He asked forgiveness of his Lord, fell down bowing (in prostration), and turned (to Allah in repentance). ( Saad, 24) Ibn ‘Abbaas said that David turned to Allah and asked him that he, David, be the same rank as his grandfathers. Allah said: David’s grandfathers were put to hard tests. Abraham was put to the test of fire, himself and his son. I did not see anything he had done that I hated. I put Ishmael to the sacrifice test, and he totally submitted, and was saved by My will. I put Jacob to the test of sadness for the loss of his son, Joseph. He did not complain and was patient.

Allah added:
If you want to be in their rank you need to go through tests.
David said:
Oh God, test me by any thing you want.

Allah agreed and told him that his test will be on such and such day, in such and such month. David began to guess the day and month of his expected test. He put guards outside the doors, dressed in a wool garment, and then went inside the temple. He opened the book and rested it between his hands. As he was sitting deep in his contemplation, a bird fell between his hands. He thought that the bird was made of gold. He picked it up and put it on a shelf. The bird jumped to another spot on a shelf next to a small window. As David stood up to put the bird back in its place, he looked through that tiny window and saw a grove with many trees. He also saw a woman who was the most beautiful. As she noticed his shade, she jumped and covered her face with her hair. That made him even more enchanted with her beauty.

David had two young students from Bani Israel. He asked one of them to go out and check about the grove and the woman. Specifically, he wanted to know if she was married or not. The student came back and told David that she was Ooriya’s woman. MuQaatil reported that Ooriya was absent then since he was engaged in a military expedition with David’s nephew, Ayyuub Ibn Soriyya. David wrote to his nephew and asked him to assign Ooriya to lead an attack on the land of BalQaan and fight its people until he conquered it, or had himself killed. MuQaatil said that Ooriya did what he was ordered to do, and was killed in one of the battles. Sa’id Ibn al-Musayyab, however, said that he had heard al-Imam Ali Ibn abi Talib threatened to punish anyone who would report that story with flogging of a hundred lashes. Ali was quoted to have said that such a punishment was proper for anyone who fabricated stories viz-a-vis prophets.

In his interpretation, al-Imam al-Nafsy said that David’s sin was his desire to marry Ooriya’s woman. He was patient and did not ask for her hand. That Ooriya’s being absent on that military expedient was a coincident despite the fact that David did not express a sense of loss or sadness when he was told that Ooriya was killed in the battle. That was why Allah put some blame on David. al-Imam Abu ManSuur said that David could have some excuse that he looked at the bird, admired and tried to take it. He was excused to see what was wrong with the bird since birds were made to obey and respond to him. The Qur’an quoted David as saying, “Why is it I see not the Hoopoe? Or is he among the


absentees?” (al-Naml, 20) Therefore, when David came close to the small window he saw the woman by accident. He had an excuse that he liked her and admired her beauty. Abu ManSuur did not accept the account that David had looked at the woman for a long time time because prophets would not do something like that. He also argued against David’s motives to send her husband to war. He believed that the man was sent to fight the enemies of Allah, and Jihad was a religious obligation. Therefore, David did not send the man to war to have him killed. As for why Allah put some blame on David to the point that He sent down some angels to question him, Abu ManSuur admitted that. He said that David was forgiven at some point later. He added that prophets were questioned and punished for the slightest wrong thing they did, simply because they were held responsible for demonstrating the right path for their own people. Abu ManSuur even cited how Jonah was blamed for leaving his people without Allah’s permission, despite the fact that Jonah left with the intention to protect himself and his religion. In view of that, the blame that Allah had put on David seemed logical. Regarding the team of angels Allah sent to David, Abu ManSuur argued that an action such as that had desirable benefits and wisdom. One was that David should have some guards, and secondly he was required to appear before law to respond to any acquisitions He was not left to investigate himself. Thirdly, it showed that angels could come down to earth in the form of human beings. Abu ManSuur said that should be a convincing response to some philosophers who raised some issues in regard to that matter.

Another story involved David, was the one regarding the two brothers and their sheep. The story was set to give an example of how a man with many sheep would do his brother injustice, though this poor brother had just one sheep. Therefore, it meant to be a case of a man against another man. The 99 sheep was just a metaphor for the number of David’s wives. Arabs used to use words like sheep, cows and camels to refer to women. The verse only said, “Yet he says, ‘Commit her to my care,’ and he overcame me in the argument.” (Saad, 23) It did not say that he took it. Also the verse said, “David said, ‘He has undoubtly wronged you in demanding your ewe to be added to his ewes.” (Saad, 24) Again, it did not say that he had taken over the ewe.

The mistake that David had made was his question whether the woman was married or not. When he was told that she was not married, he went out and asked for her hand. In fact many men had asked to marry that woman, including David’s brother. That was the reason why David was blamed. Mohammed Ibn Jariir al-Tabari said that the matter was just a dispute between two brothers. They rushed to the temple in order to see the prophet. They did not ask for permission when they interrupted David. That was why David needed guards to stop such rude manners. David became upset with the two men, then he felt sympathy toward the plaintiff and therefore rushed to the conclusion that the other man had wronged the defendant. That is why Allah said, “And David gathered that We had tried him. He asked for forgiveness.” (Saad, 24) It was David who realized his mistake and asked for forgiveness, and Allah granted him that. Then Allah continued to say, “O David! We did indeed make you a vicegerent on earth.” (Saad, 26) That meant that Allah had appointed David as a ruler on earth to look after peoples’ matters like the other prophets before him. He was advised to judge between men in truth and justice


according to Allah’s law. He was warned not to follow the lust of his heart for it would lead him out of the right path.

Abu ManSuur posed a question about the wisdom of reporting the wrong doings of Allah’s prophets and messengers and their appeal for forgiveness. He admitted that Allah had always asked that peoples wrong doings be corrected but not to denounce those who commit them publicly. The only time to announce the sins should be on the Day of Judgment. Now, how did that fit here? He said that Allah would do that so the prophets set the examples, to make people see that none would have any excuse even prophets, and thirdly these prophets and other people were subjected to various tests in this life, and when they realized that they had done anything that was wrong they had to pray for forgiveness. They should cry and beg for forgiveness and to turn to Allah in repentance. The fourth lesson to be learned was that committing a minor offense should not be used as a reason to disqualify for leadership, and did not mean that one had abandoned his religion. The fifth lesson was that Allah would not let go of even minor offenses without holding someone responsible for them. Allah has the choice to punish the offenders.

In his interpretation, al-Imam Abu HaQ al-Kabiir reported that when David, “Fell down, bowing (in prostration), and turned to Allah in repentance.” (Saad, 24), it was meant that he prayed for 40 days and nights. He was crying to the point that his tears made grass grow. Allah told him that he was forgiven. It was also reported that every time David drank from a cup one third of the content was water and the rest was tears. It was also reported that on the day of testing David was able to close the doors of his home, but he could not close the avenues to his soul. When Allah advised David, “Nor follow you the lust (of your heart), for it will mislead you from the path.” (Saad, 26) Allah meant that David should stick to the path of justice because it was the guarantee to Allah’s satisfaction with him. Allah continued his warning, “For those who wander astray from the path of Allah, is a chastiment grievous, for that they forget the Day of Account.” (Saad, 26) According to Abu HafS al-Kabiir those who forgot the Day of Judgment which would be the day where people should answer were really pretend to forget. The day was meant to show how justice would be served in comparison to justice on earth. Until that time, Allah told David that he would be a ruler on earth and his job was to enforce justice among people.

David’s story was mentioned in al-Imam al-Nasfy’s interpretation and accounts of the Imams before him. Al-Imam Abu al-Faraj Ibn al-Jawzi addressed the same story in his book “SuuQ al-‘Aruus”. He said that prior to David’s sin he would go to the mountain whenever he wanted to read from his holy book, “al-Zabuur”. Birds would fly around his head, wild animals would gather and they all would participate in prayers that were echoed in the mountains. When he committed his sin birds, wild animals and mountains stopped joining him in prayers. Realizing that blessings were no longer available for him, David began to cry and complained day and night. His tears made grass grow up. For the next forty nights David cried, prayed and appealed.

He said:
Oh, my sin had left me as a bird with a broken wing and homeless. Oh, my sin had made me like a drowned person who had no life buoy, like a sick person with no medicine. Oh, my sin, how could earth give me shelter, and skies give me shade? Oh, my

sin which I have not heard something like, is huge. It has made my face the ugliest, and tied my hands. Oh, You who know my story, show me the way out!

David used to enjoy the time when he communicated with Allah. When he committed his sin that connection came to an end. He said: Oh my Lord, I am not crying for my soul if it dies now. I am crying for the joy I used to have in your company. David heard a voice which told him that his sin was forgiven, but friendly relations were no longer existed. Jibriil came to him and said: Oh David! Raise your head.

David said:
I will not do that unless and until Allah forgives me.
Allah said:
“We forgave him this (lapse). He enjoyed, indeed, a near approach to Us, and a beautiful place of (final) return.” (Saad, 25)
Jibriil said:
Lift your head up! You have been forgiven. You have to stand before the Ever Living and Dominant, who will make a sinner pay back to his victim.
David said:
Now, I feel much better. My tears have been paid for but I have to accept lack of friendship.

Ibn al-Jawzi reported in his book “SuuQ al-‘Aruus” that David cried until grass grew up on earth out of his tears. David was asked what he wanted and he said that he wanted forgiveness. When he was given a cup of water to drink he would fill it up to the rim first with his own tears. His weeping had replaced that of pigeons in trees. He was assured that he would be given whatever he needed whether it was food, water or clothes. Realizing that his sin was not forgiven he shouted loudly and that cry set the grass ablaze. David collected seven sacks of ashes and flooded them all with his tears. David went out in the desert accompanied by thirty thousands of Bani Israel. When he went back there were ten thousands only. The rest had died out of sadness for listening to his weeping.

In his second book entitled “Saba Najd,” Ibn al-Jawzi added that on the Day of Judgment Allah would ask David to sing in his beautiful voice songs about His glory. His voice was the equivalent of ninety nine flutes. Whenever David read from the holy book, al-Zabur, water would stop flowing. That was prior to his lapse. His voice became hoarse after that. It was reported that Allah ordered David and said, “Go to Oorya’s grave and ask him to forgive you. I will make him answer from the depth of his grave.” David felt happy and rushed to Oorya’s grave and said: Oh Oorya!

Oorya said:
Yes. Who are you?
David said:
I am the prophet of Allah.
Oorya asked:
What do you want?
David said:
I want you to forgive me the wrong deeds that I have inflicted on you.
Oorya said:
That is no problem. I forgive you!

David was thrilled to hear that. He went back to his house.

Soon Allah asked:
Did you tell Oorya that you have married his woman after his death?
David said:
No, my Lord.
Allah said:
Well, go back and tell him that.
David went back to the grave site and said:
Hey Oorya!
Oorya said:
David said:
I want you to forgive me.
Oorya said:
I already did that. Didn’t I?
David asked:
Do you know what I have done after your death?
Oorya asked:
What did you do?
David answered:
I married your woman.

Oorya did not say anything. David went back to his home crying, sad and depressed. He cried day and night for some time asking Allah to forgive him. Finally Jibriil came down to him and said that Allah had forgiven him. Moreover and out of Oorya’s generosity and kindness, he would also forgive David on the Day of Judgment. Allah said, “So We forgave him this (lapse). He enjoyed, indeed, a near approach to Us, and a beautiful place of (final) return.” (Saad, 25)

Now, look at what had happened to David and the constant sadness, crying and depression he suffered. It was reported that he did never enjoy food, drink or sleep. His life became horrible, and sadness and depression stayed with him until his death. He prayed and prayed that others’ sins might be forgiven, including his. All that happened to him as a result of just one look at that woman. That look made him marry that woman following the murder of her fiancé.

It was reported that when David learned of the death of her husband he did not show any sign of care, something that was unusual for him. It was also reported that when Oorya first expressed interest to marry that woman, David asked him not to do so. Oorya did not listen to David’s request. After Oorya was sent to war to get killed David married that woman. That is why Allah had some reservation vis-à-vis David’s intentions. We seek refuge in Allah through His generosity and kindness that He might protect us and you from women’s stratagem.