What Every Graduate Needs to Know About Insurance
What is Insurance?
Insurance is a contractual agreement. You pay an amount of money in return for a promise from an
insurance company to pay you for a loss you sustain. The policy is the contract and defines the coverage.
Why do I need it?
Your resources may be insufficient to meet your needs if you suffer an accidental loss. Insurance can
help to keep you financially stable by protecting your assets or income. There are three basic types of
loss. One, you could lose your property or personal possessions through fire, flood, or some other
calamity. Second, you could accidentally hurt someone and be financially responsible or legally liable for
his or her injuries or their property loss. Finally, you could be injured or sick and need medical care,
including hospitalization. There are different types of insurance to meet these needs.
What kind of insurance do I need?
Students in Massachusetts are required by law to carry some form of health insurance. Many students
have been insured by their parents’ employee health benefits, while others purchase the coverage made
available through the College. After you graduate, most parents’ policies will cease coverage as soon as
you are no longer a dependent in school.
If you remain in graduate school, a parents’ policy may cover you until age 26, or you may obtain
coverage through the university you are attending.
Many students will find employment that provides health insurance benefits. If the coverage is optional,
If you do not fall into either of these categories, then you will need to buy your own coverage. Check with
the agent or company you are currently insured with, your alumnae/i association, or any general agent.
Shop around — coverage terms and costs vary greatly.
Federal regulations will require everyone to have health insurance after 2012. Accident and illness policies
have very limited benefits but are very inexpensive, usually costing between $800 and $1,200 per year.
Stand-alone group insurance, such as Blue Cross/Blue Shield, will typically cost $300 to $700 or more
per month, depending on coverage and deductibles. If you have any medical conditions that require ongoing
treatment, it is usually critical to maintain your health insurance to guarantee a continuity of coverage.
Most companies exclude preexisting conditions from their insurance, at least for a period of time
(which can be as long as five years.)
Due to changes in the Massachusetts laws in 2004, we are no longer able to provide any continuation
coverage of the student health plan. Depending on the state you are residing in, short-term medical
coverage may be available. Call Gallagher Koster for more details at 1-800-457-5599. A new option for
students who graduate and remain in Massachusetts may be to enroll in one of the Commonwealth
Choice health plans available through Commonwealth Connector. To learn about the eligibility
requirements, available health insurance plans, cost, and the enrollment process, go to
Health insurance is very important, since health care costs are very high, and accidents do happen. Even
if you have “never been sick a day in your life” new environments and activities increase the risk of
accidents, illness and injury.
Tenants Insurance (Property and General Liability)
Most students will move into rental apartments upon graduating. Your landlord is not responsible for loss
of or damage to your property (see your lease). A tenants’ insurance policy will insure you against loss of
your personal property, cover you for your negligent damage to the landlord’s property, and also provide
general liability coverage for your negligent acts which result in the loss of property or injury to a third
person. For example, your carpet is torn and someone trips over it, and is hurt. Or your dog bites a
This type of coverage is not expensive (a few hundred dollars per year), and offers a good measure of
protection. Buy the highest General Liability limits you can afford. Do not insure your personal property for
more than it would cost to replace it, but do accurately report replacement values. Also look for a policy
that covers your property while it is not at the premises listed on the policy.
Personal property typically includes all your clothing, furnishings, electronic equipment, and other
personal items. It does NOT cover jewelry, musical instruments, art, money, securities, or other highly
valued items (read your coverage for exclusions and definitions). These types of property are insured
under a “floater” policy. You should speak to your insurance agent if you have property that is excluded
under the tenant’s policy. Insurance on computers is often not worthwhile, since the insurance will only
pay for the replacement of equipment of like kind and quality. Since computer values drop quickly and
steadily, the insurance is often expensive for what you might recover.
If you own real property or a business, consult with your insurance agent about the coverage you may
Most states require Auto insurance by law. Whether it is required by law or not, it is essential if you own
an auto. Auto insurance has three areas of coverage - Liability, Comprehensive and Collision. Liability
Insurance covers you for any injury you may cause to others, for example, hitting a pedestrian or another
vehicle. It is the most important auto insurance, and you should buy the highest limits you can afford, at
least $100,000 per person, $300,000 per accident. $1,000,000 is recommended.
Check your policy to verify whether or not your auto insurance “follows” the vehicle, so that if a friend
borrows your car with your permission s/he is insured by your insurance. Also note, most insurers require
that persons living in your household (including relatives) who may drive the vehicle must be listed on the
policy in order to be insured.
Comprehensive Coverage pays for losses to your auto arising from such hazards as fire, natural disaster,
and vandalism and may cover hitting an animal (such as a deer). Collision pays for losses to your auto arising from collision with another object, vehicle, and in some states, an animal (such as a deer). If your car worth is less than $5,000, collision insurance may not be cost effective, since the company will not pay more than the actual value of the vehicle. Comprehensive and glass coverage is usually a cost effective coverage, unless the car has no value. Talk with your agent about your options.
Volunteers / Directors and Officers Insurance
If you serve as a volunteer in an organization, you should make sure that the organization carries general
liability insurance, and that volunteers are included in the “who is an insured” wording on the policy. If you
are on the board of directors of any organization, ask for a summary of their Directors and Officers
Insurance policy. You want to know that if you are personally sued for actions you take on behalf of the
organization, that you will be indemnified and defended.
Other Resources and Types of Coverage
If you are employed, you will probably be automatically covered by workers compensation. It is mandated
in every state, and benefits vary significantly by state. It provides coverage for any injury you may sustain
in the course of your employment, not only for medical costs, but for a portion of your wages as well.
Check with your employer about coverage.
Your employer may carry short and long term disability insurance for all employees. These policies cover
your loss of wages if you are disabled for more than one month, or six months, respectively. If one or both
are optional, do seriously consider purchasing coverage. Statistics show that one person in ten will be
disabled from their work for more than six months in their lifetime.
Unless you have dependents, you do not need life insurance. Speak with your financial advisor about
appropriate coverage based on your dependents, financial planning and portfolio.
Filing a Claim
Documentation is essential in filing a claim, whether it is to your own insurance carrier or if you are
making a claim against a third party. Keep copies of all medical bills, invoices for purchase of
replacements of damaged or lost property, estimates, and so forth. Check with your insurance agent if
you have a loss - don’t assume that it isn’t covered. You may be pleasantly surprised. Set up a file on
your claim, and keep copies of all correspondence, notes of who you spoke with and when, their phone
number, and so forth.
If you have a small, straightforward claim against a third party, send a letter to the party responsible for
the loss. Clearly describe what happened, what your losses were (use the words “bodily injury”, “personal
injury” or “property loss or damage” as applicable), and why you think they are responsible. In general,
there has to be negligence on the part of the third party in order for them to be legally responsible for your
loss, and it will help your claim if you can articulate in the letter how they were negligent. This specific
wording will trigger the respondent’s general liability policy (or other policies), and may help you obtain a
quick settlement without your having to involve an attorney.
This is intended to be a brief summary of typical insurance coverages. It is not a comprehensive
description of all coverages available, or to be construed as legal advice. Always check with your
insurance agent for specific insurance information and with your attorney for legal advice.