North America:

South America:

Europe:

Africa:

Asia:

Oceania:

Helpful Vocabulary:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Communism:

Communism is a form of government that is about absolute equality. The government (which is not democratic) decides how much money, food, and land all of the citizens get.

Constitution:

A constitution is like the rule-book for a country. It describes how the government works and tells people and politicians what they can and cannot do.

Corporation:

A company that has the rights and privileges of an individual person. Often times, when people talk about corporations, they are talking about big businesses like Wal-Mart, Shell Oil, Coca-Cola and others.

Currency:

A form of money: different countries have different kinds of currencies

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Dictator:

Someone who rules a country all by themselves without a governmental system that prevents them from doing anything they want, or elections by the people.

Discrimination:

When someone treats a group of people differently based on judgments about them. Discrimination can be based on race, gender, religion, sexual orientation and much more.

Democracy:

A system of government that is found all over the world and especially promoted by the USA. In a democracy, everyone is equal and has a vote, and no one person has all of the power.

Downsize:

When a company downsizes, it means it is trying to spend as little money as possible. The company will fire many of its workers, and maybe shut down factories or stores in places that aren't bringing in profit.

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Economy:

A system of selling and buying products. Can be global, national, local or personal.

Export/Import:

Exports are products or resources (like oil, clothes, food etc...) that a country or a company sends to other countries to be used or sold. Imports are products that a country or company buys from another place to use or distribute.

Extremist:

Extremists are people or groups who generally think that their beliefs are the only truth and that every other idea is wrong. Their ideas are usually not shared by most of the world, which is what makes them 'extreme'.

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Indigenous :

Indigenous cultures are groups who were the first people living in a certain place. For example, the Native American tribes are indigenous to North America, and the Maori are indigenous to New Zealand.

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Junta (military):

A military junta is when the military overthrows the government of a country and controls the country and the people by force.

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LGBTQ:

This stands for Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual, Trans-gendered and Queer. These are some different ways that people identify themselves. This grouping is often used to represent people who do not consider themselves 'straight'. That is, they are attracted to people of the same sex as them, or people of either sex. These labels mean different things to different people.

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Media:

The media are things like newspapers, radio stations, news shows and other ways that people get information about the world.

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Nobel Peace Prize:

The Nobel Peace Prize is an award that is given to people who have devoted their lives to making peace in the world.

Nuclear Weapons/ Weapons of Mass Destruction (WOMDs):

Nuclear weapons often come in the form of very powerful bombs or missiles. One nuclear bomb can kill hundreds of millions of people. Besides making bombs, nuclear power also creates energy and has medical uses.

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Partisan:

Partisan means that an action or belief is based on a certain political party. Bi-partisan means that two or more political parties worked together, and non-partisan means that an action or belief has nothing to do with any political party.

Policy:

Policies are laws that countries or states create.

Population:

The number of people who live in a certain area (like a town, country or the world).

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Referendum:

A referendum is when a country (or a group like the UN) creates some kind of proposal and then the people vote on whether to pass it or not.

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Stocks:

A stock is a piece of a corporation that people can buy. If someone buys a lot of stock from a corporation, it means they own a lot of the company, and the company uses their money to run their programs. When the 'stockholder' wants to, they can sell their stock. If the company is doing very well and making a lot of money, stockholders can sell their stock for a lot of money. If it is doing badly, the stock is not worth very much.

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Taxes:

Taxes are certain amounts of money that everyone pays to the government, and the government uses for lots of different things. For example, some money goes to education, so that there is free public school for everyone, some goes to keeping the roads in good condition, some goes to the military, and many other places.

Terrorism:

Terrorism is a way to scare groups of people or countries so much that they can't think straight or work together. Today, when people hear the word 'terrorism', many people think of extremist Islamic groups like al-Qaeda or the Taliban, but there are many other groups like the ETA and FARC, which have nothing to do with Islam.

Troops:

Another word for soldiers.

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The United Nations (UN):

The UN is an international organization with representatives from almost every country in the world. The UN tries to enforce international rules and mediate between countries. The 5 big powers in the UN (called the 'security council') are the US, China, Russia, the UK and France.

Zionists:

Zionists have lots of different ideas when it comes to details, but overall, the Zionist movement is a group of Jewish people who believe that the land of Israel should be a Jewish Country.

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