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Overall Effects of Slavery

 

According to the United Nations, restavecs affect 1 in 10 children in Haiti. Restavecs reduce children to sub-human status. Children sleep on dirty floors and wear raggedy clothes. They are beaten and poorly fed.

restavec child working

Three fourths of the children in restavecs are girls. They are seen as most useful in the household. Girls are sexually abused. If they become pregnant, they are thrown out of the house because they are no longer useful. Girls grow up in shame and abuse. It damages lives, communities, and Haitian society.

Restavecs are usually given one meal a day. A study was done of 15 year old restavecs
with free fifteen year olds. The restavec girls were 1.5 inches shorter than the other
fifteen year olds. They were also forty pounds lighter than other fifteen year olds. The restavec system contributes to the poor health children in Haiti have to endure.

The restavec system also contributes to the number of street children and prostitutes on the street. Haiti's law requires that at the age of fifteen a child is paid for his or her labor.
Families with restavecs get rid of the children at the age of fifteen to keep away from
having to pay a restavec a salary. This then, adds to Haiti's large street children
population. Many of the street children become prostitutes. Prostitution is one of their only ways to survive. Haiti's street population has very little access to education. The health conditions for street children are worse. Studies by UNICEF show that street children's HIV/AIDS infection rate is twenty percent.

Restavecs are separated from their families and denied love and support. They are excluded from both their families and the community. Without a family or an education there are not many ways these children can survive.

 

 

Facts About Haiti and Restavec Children

- 50% of the population is younger than 20 years of age.

- About 300,000 children in Haiti are restavecs.

- The life expectancy for women in Haiti is 62 years.

-The life expectancy for men in Haiti is 59.

- Haiti has a 50% unemployment rate.

-The adult literacy rate is 59%

- The school attendance rate is 49%

- 2,000 children are trafficked to the Dominican Republic.

-There is an estimated number of 100 million to 150 million street children and 5%-10% have run away or been abandoned by their families.

 

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