Haitian flag Restavecs in Haiti Haitian flag

 

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About Haiti

 

Haiti is located in the West Indies and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea. In 1804, African slaves in Hispaniola had a slave revolt against their European masters. As a result, Haiti was the first country to abolish slavery.

map of haiti

Map of Haiti

Haiti is currently the poorest country in the Western hemisphere. The capital of Haiti is Port-au-Prince. Port-au- Prince is heavily populated with restavec children. Unfortunately, 80% of 9,035,536 people in Haiti live below the poverty line. 54% of Haiti's population lives in abject poverty. Haiti has been robbed of many of its resources. Its economy is made up of mainly farming.

chaos

Haiti has gone through major political unrest due to political instability and dictatorship. In 1804, Haiti gained independence. Shortly after, the United States invaded Haiti until 1934. Haiti has a history of forced labor by the United States marines and a twenty-nine year long dictatorship of Francois Duvalier. Francois Duvalier was in power from 1957 to 1971. He promised to restore power for blacks. In 1964, Duvalier created a constitution that would keep him in power for life. Duvalier created his own police force called the Tontons Mocoute. His police force instilled fear into the Haitian citizens. In 1971, Duvalier died and left his son, Jean-Claude Duvalier to succeed him. Under Duvalier, the economy deteriorated and the illiteracy rate remained at 90%. Both leaders killed any person who spoke against them or questioned their authority. They cut off ties with many the United States and Cuba during their time in power. Haiti's history of political and economic instability greatly contributes to the vulnerability of women and children

duvalier and son

Former leader Francois Duvalier on the left-hand side and his successor Jean-Claude Duvalier on the right-hand side.

 

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