Works Cited  


Opium Trade in China

Tensions Emerge

First Opium War

Second Opium War

Lasting Effects

Works Cited



"China." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2006. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. May 7, 2006 <>.

La Motte, Ellen N. "The Opium Monopoly." Schaffer Library of Drug Policy. November 03, 2004.

O'Brien, Joseph V. "Attepmts to Control Opium Trade, 1810-1811" Obee's History Page. January 29, 1998. <>.

O'Brien, Joseph V. "Chinese responses to Western Intrusions" Obee's History Page. February 19, 2003. <>.

"Opium Wars." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2006. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. May 7, 2006. <>.

"Opium Wars." Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2006. May 7, 2006. <>.

"Opium Wars." Wikipedia. May 2, 2006. <>.

Schaffer, Cliff. "Opium in China, 1700-1860." Schaffer Library of Drug Policy. March 25, 1998. <>.

"The Opium Kings, Opium throughout History." Frontline. May 7, 2006. <>.

"The Opium War and the Opening of China." History Literature. July 05, 2004.



Beeching, Jack. The Chinese Opium Wars. New York: Harcourt Brace Javonovich, 1976.

Brook, Timothy and Bob Tadashi Wakabayashi, eds. Opium Regimes. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2006.

Chung, Tan. China and the Brave New World. Durham: Carolina Academic Press, 1978.

Greenberg, Michael. British Trade and the Opening of China, 1800-42. Cambridge [Eng.]: University Press, 1951.

Wong, Y.J. Deadly dreams : opium, imperialism and the Arrow War (1856-1860) in China. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.


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Shandra Goldfinger © 2006.  Created for World Politics 116, Mount Holyoke College.  Contact: goldf20s at mtholyoke dot edu.

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