north and wouth



Korea, before 1950





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The Foreign Interventions_United States

Among many historians, foreign intervention is considered as a principal cause for the origins of the Korea War. Two major powers that influenced North and South Korea most during that time will be USSR and United States. Foreign intervention in Korean Peninsula began from the era when Korea was under Japan’s rule. When World War II was over and Korean nationalists jumped into action to establish a independent government, the role of USSR and United States is important, as they hold dominant responsibility on Korean nation’s internal split.


Examining the foreign nations’ role on the issue of internal division, United States holds responsibility of deepening the civil conflict.[1] The fact that United States appointed officers and settled up a government in South Korea before Syng-Man Rhee’s official inaugural ceremony, is often neglected by many people.[2] On September 8th, 1945, Lieutenant General John R. Hodge arrived in Korea to set up a military government and while doing so, he made a careless mistake on his political decision; Hodge failed to sense the deep hatred that the Koreans had toward the Japanese[3] and toward the Koreans whom served in Japanese government during the colonization. “Japanese officials”[4] were appointed for South Korea’s government and in a larger scale, United States supported Koreans who were considered as rebels in the nation as they assisted in Japanese government - a man like Kim-Suk Won, who was a major general in the Japanese Army during the World War II.[5] Ironically, Kim Il-Sung was considered a patriot to many koreans at that time as he fought against Japan in Manchuria as guerrilla. Japanese soldiers wanted to arrest him, but he was protected by Stalin.[6]

The United States has responsibility for supporting and appointing certain koreans whom were from Japan and were deserving punishment for rebellion against the nation.[7] As results, revolts broke out in a province like Busan by people who went against pro-Japanese South Korean officials and United States Army Government.[8][9] Jeju Uprising, being a notable incident that aroused in April 1948, was stimulated by a communist party in South Korea and anti-US military government, causing 14,373 victims and about 30,000 of total death tolls.[10] It is reported that from 1945 till 1994, the United States controlled Combined Forces Command dominated “Peacetime” activities and thus they were responsible for all military aggressions in Korea.[11] The Koreans’ rebellion against the United States’ military force was summarized through these incidents and they are the examples of showing the United States’ responsibility on Korea’s civil conflict.

busan_jeju island



Richard Peters and Xiaobing Li, Voices from the Korean War: Personal Stories of American, Korean, and Chinese Soldiers, University Press of Kentucky, 2005




Cumings, Bruce, The Origins of the Korean war, , Princeton University Press (1981, 1990)




Cumings, Bruce (1981). "Chapter 4". Origins of the Korean War. Princeton University Press.

"The National Committee for Investigation of the Truth about the Jeju April 3 Incident" (HTML). 2008.

Page 99-101 - Chalmers Johnson. Blowback: The Costs and Consequences of American Empire (2000, rev. 2004 ed.). Owl Book. pp. 268.

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