Sohail Hashmi’s work straddles Western and Islamic moral and political philosophy. He was among the earliest scholars to specialize in ethics and international relations, which developed as an interdisciplinary field during the 1980s and 1990s. In his publications, Hashmi explores the Islamic ethics of diverse issues in contemporary international relations, including war and peace, humanitarian intervention, civil society, tolerance, boundaries, and poverty relief. In 2005, he was awarded a Carnegie Scholars Fellowship by the Carnegie Corporation of New York to study Muslim reactions to the development of international law.
At Mount Holyoke, Hashmi teaches a wide variety of classes, including introductory courses in international relations and Middle East politics, and seminars such as Ethics and International Relations, Just War and Jihad: Comparative Ethics of War and Peace, and Political Islam. He also lectures frequently to audiences around the country on topics relating to Islam in world politics.